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Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health

, Volume 18, Issue 3, pp 497–504 | Cite as

Economic Hardship and Depression Among Women in Latino Farmworker Families

  • Camila A. Pulgar
  • Grisel Trejo
  • Cynthia Suerken
  • Edward H. Ip
  • Thomas A. Arcury
  • Sara A. Quandt
Original Paper

Abstract

Farmworker family members risk poor mental health due to stressors including poverty, relocation, and documentation status. This paper explores the relationship between farm-work related stressors and depressive symptoms in women of Latino farmworker families. 248 mothers of young children completed fixed-response interviews in Spanish. Measures included the Center for Epidemiologic Studies-Depression Scale, Migrant Farmworker Stress Inventory, and USDA Household Food Security Survey Module. Bivariate analyses indicated greater depressive symptoms with more economic hardship, more farm work-related stressors, greater age, and being unmarried. In multivariable logistic regression, economic hardship remained the only factor associated with depressive symptoms. Greater economic hardship, but not general farm work-related stress, is a main factor associated with depression in women of Latino farmworker families. Maternal depression can have consequences for both mothers and families. Mental health services for women in farmworker families should be targeted to those with the greatest economic challenges.

Keywords

Migrant workers Mental health Immigrants Depression Women 

Notes

Acknowledgments

This research was supported by a grant from the Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute for Child Health and Human Development (RO1 HD059855).

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  • Camila A. Pulgar
    • 1
  • Grisel Trejo
    • 1
  • Cynthia Suerken
    • 2
  • Edward H. Ip
    • 2
  • Thomas A. Arcury
    • 3
  • Sara A. Quandt
    • 1
  1. 1.Division of Public Health Sciences, Department of Epidemiology and Prevention, Medical Center BoulevardWake Forest School of MedicineWinston-SalemUSA
  2. 2.Division of Public Health Sciences, Department of Biostatistical SciencesWake Forest School of MedicineWinston-SalemUSA
  3. 3.Department of Family and Community MedicineWake Forest School of MedicineWinston-SalemUSA

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