Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health

, Volume 18, Issue 1, pp 243–251 | Cite as

Knowledge of Occupational Chemical Exposure and Smoking Behavior in Korean Immigrant Drycleaners

  • Dal Lae Chin
  • Sonia A. Duffy
  • OiSaeng Hong
Original Paper


To examine the association between knowledge of chemical exposure at work and cigarette smoking among Korean immigrant drycleaners. A cross-sectional survey was conducted with a total of 151 Korean immigrant drycleaners (mean age = 49 years, 64 % male) from 96 drycleaning shops in a Midwestern state. The data were collected on demographic and work-related characteristics, knowledge of occupational chemical exposure, health concerns associated with chemical exposure, and smoking status. Approximately 25 % of participants were current smokers. The multivariate regression showed that greater knowledge of occupational chemical exposures was significantly associated with a lower likelihood of current smoking [odds ratio (OR) .63; 95 % confidence interval (CI) .41–.95]. Furthermore, male gender (OR 6.32; 95 % CI 1.66–24.00), shorter-term residence in the US (OR .93; 95 % CI .88–.98), and having multiple duties (OR 2.76; 95 % CI 1.01–7.51) were important covariates associated with current smoking among Korean immigrant drycleaners. Knowledge on occupational chemical exposure was significantly associated with smoking among Korean immigrant drycleaners. Smoking cessation programs for this population should consider integrated approaches that incorporate work environment factors into individual and sociocultural components.


Smoking Occupational chemical exposure Korean immigrants Drycleaners 



This study is partially funded by the National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH) Pilot Research Project (Grant Number: T42 OH008455-01, PI: Hong). The authors thankfully acknowledge Ae-Suk Jeong for her contributions during the data collection, the Michigan Korean Drycleaners Association for their collaborations, and all of the study participants.

Conflict of interest

The authors declare no conflict of interest.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Occupational and Environmental Health Nursing Graduate Program, School of NursingUniversity of California, San Francisco (UCSF)San FranciscoUSA
  2. 2.Nursing, Otolaryngology, Psychiatry and VA Center for Clinical Management Research, VA Ann Arbor Healthcare SystemUniversity of MichiganAnn ArborUSA

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