Knowledge of Occupational Chemical Exposure and Smoking Behavior in Korean Immigrant Drycleaners
- 190 Downloads
To examine the association between knowledge of chemical exposure at work and cigarette smoking among Korean immigrant drycleaners. A cross-sectional survey was conducted with a total of 151 Korean immigrant drycleaners (mean age = 49 years, 64 % male) from 96 drycleaning shops in a Midwestern state. The data were collected on demographic and work-related characteristics, knowledge of occupational chemical exposure, health concerns associated with chemical exposure, and smoking status. Approximately 25 % of participants were current smokers. The multivariate regression showed that greater knowledge of occupational chemical exposures was significantly associated with a lower likelihood of current smoking [odds ratio (OR) .63; 95 % confidence interval (CI) .41–.95]. Furthermore, male gender (OR 6.32; 95 % CI 1.66–24.00), shorter-term residence in the US (OR .93; 95 % CI .88–.98), and having multiple duties (OR 2.76; 95 % CI 1.01–7.51) were important covariates associated with current smoking among Korean immigrant drycleaners. Knowledge on occupational chemical exposure was significantly associated with smoking among Korean immigrant drycleaners. Smoking cessation programs for this population should consider integrated approaches that incorporate work environment factors into individual and sociocultural components.
KeywordsSmoking Occupational chemical exposure Korean immigrants Drycleaners
This study is partially funded by the National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH) Pilot Research Project (Grant Number: T42 OH008455-01, PI: Hong). The authors thankfully acknowledge Ae-Suk Jeong for her contributions during the data collection, the Michigan Korean Drycleaners Association for their collaborations, and all of the study participants.
Conflict of interest
The authors declare no conflict of interest.
- 6.Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA). Guidance for reducing worker exposure to Perchloroethylene (PERC) in dry cleaning. Washington, DC: U.S. Department of Labor, OSHA; 2005.Google Scholar
- 8.Gallagher LG, Vieira VM, Ozonoff D, Webster TF, Aschengrau A. Risk of breast cancer following exposure to tetrachloroethylene-contaminated drinking water in Cape Cod, Massachusetts: reanalysis of a case-control study using a modified exposure assessment. Environ Health. 2011;10:47.PubMedPubMedCentralCrossRefGoogle Scholar
- 21.NIOSH. Drycleaning. 2012. http://www.cdc.gov/niosh/topics/dryclean/.
- 22.U.S. Department of Health and Human Services (U.S. DHHS). The health consequences of smoking: A report of the Surgeon General. Atlanta, GA: U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC); 2004.Google Scholar
- 24.U.S. DHHS. Healthy People 2020: Tobacco use. 2013. http://www.healthypeople.gov/2020/topicsobjectives2020/objectiveslist.aspx?topicid=41.
- 25.DC C. Cigarette smoking among adults-United States, 2007. MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep. 2008;57(45):1221–6.Google Scholar
- 26.California Health Interview Survey. CHIS 2005 Adult publicuse file, release1 [computer file]. 2007.Google Scholar
- 29.Survey CHI. CHIS 2007 adult public use file, release 1 [computer file]. Los Angeles, CA: UCLA Center for Health Policy Research; 2009.Google Scholar
- 31.CDC. Current cigarette smoking among adults: United States, 2011. MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep. 2012;61(44):889–94.Google Scholar
- 32.Survey CHI. CHIS 2001–2007 adult public use files, [computer files] Los Angeles. CA: UCLA Center for Health Policy Research; 2009.Google Scholar
- 33.U.S. Census Bureau. Census 2000 Brief; Table 4. Population by race and Hispanic or Latino Origin, for States, Puerto Rico, and Places of 100,000 or More Population: 2000. 2001. http://www.census.gov/population/www/cen2000/briefs/phc-t6/tables/tab04.pdf. Accessed 20 Dec 2012.
- 34.U.S. Census Bureau. Race data. 2011. http://www.census.gov/population/www/socdemo/race/ppl-aa10.html. Accessed 20 Dec 2012.
- 35.Lee YM. Korean-American economic power resources. 2006. http://www.hansawon.org/reports/YL_Apr_06.ppt.
- 40.Inc SPSS. IBM SPSS missing values 19. Chicago, IL: SPSS Inc.; 2010.Google Scholar
- 41.Nunnally JC, Bernstein IH. Psychometric theory. New York, NY: McGraw-Hill; 1994.Google Scholar
- 43.Allison PD. Missing data. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage; 2002.Google Scholar
- 51.Ponce N, Tseng W, Ong P, Shek YL, Ortiz S, Gatchell M. The state of Asian American, Native Hawaiian, and Pacific Islander health in California. Sacramento, CA: California Asian Pacific Islander Joint Legislative Caucus; 2009.Google Scholar