Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health

, Volume 18, Issue 1, pp 28–33 | Cite as

Assessment of the Nutritional Status of Sudanese Primary School Pupils in Riyadh City, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia

  • Hiba O. Khayri
  • Siddig E. Muneer
  • Saifeldeen B. Ahmed
  • Magdi A. Osman
  • Elfadil E. Babiker
Original paper


The study was conducted in Saudi Arabia to assess the nutritional status of primary school Sudanese pupils and explore its’ correlates. Anthropometric measurements of 400 (200 males and 200 females) students of age 6–12 were taken. Their daily food intake was assessed using food frequency and 24 h recall method. Data about the socio-economic characteristics of the students’ families was collected through personal interview using a questionnaire. The study revealed that 31 and 8.75 % of the respondents suffer from underweight and overweight, respectively. The respondents’ average daily intake of calories and fiber was significantly lower than that of the DRI, while their intake of protein, carbohydrates, unsaturated fat, some vitamins and iron was significantly higher than that of the DRI (unbalanced meals). Apart from the family monthly income none of the hypothesized predictors of the respondents’ nutritional status were found to be significantly correlated with the students’ nutritional status indicators.


Nutritional status Sudanese school children Malnutrition Overweight Saudi Arabia Nutritional awareness 



This project was financially supported by King Saud University, Deanship of Scientific Research, College of Food and Agricultural Sciences, Research Center.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  • Hiba O. Khayri
    • 1
  • Siddig E. Muneer
    • 2
  • Saifeldeen B. Ahmed
    • 3
  • Magdi A. Osman
    • 3
  • Elfadil E. Babiker
    • 3
  1. 1.National Diabetic Center (NDC)RiyadhKingdom of Saudi Arabia
  2. 2.Department of Agricultural Extension and Rural Sociology, College of Food and Agricultural SciencesKing Saud UniversityRiyadhKingdom of Saudi Arabia
  3. 3.Food Science and Nutrition Department, College of Food and Agricultural SciencesKing Saud UniversityRiyadhKingdom of Saudi Arabia

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