Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health

, Volume 17, Issue 4, pp 1098–1104 | Cite as

Religious Attendance, Health-Promoting Lifestyle Behaviors, and Depressive Symptoms Among Koreans in the United Arab Emirates (UAE)

Original Paper


Migrants, who comprise 80 % of the population in the United Arab Emirates, are at risk of developing mental health disorders. To test associations among religious attendance, health-promoting lifestyle behaviors (HPLB), and depressive symptoms, we conducted a cross-sectional survey in Dubai. Measures included frequency of religious attendance, the Health-Promoting Lifestyle Profile, and the Depression, Anxiety, and Stress Scale. Multiple regression analyses were used to explore relationships among religious attendance, HPLB, and depressive symptoms. Religious attendance was significantly associated with self-actualization, stress management, and depressive symptoms. Self-actualization and stress management mediated the relationships between religious attendance and depressive symptoms for both males and females, and interpersonal support mediated the relationship for females, controlling for age and education. The facilitation of positive internal and external resources generated by participating in religious activities may have increased the likelihood that the Korean migrants would engage in psychosocial healthy lifestyle behaviors, and may have decreased depressive symptoms.


Religious attendance Depressive symptoms Health behavior Migrants 


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.School of NursingUniversity of Maryland, BaltimoreBaltimoreUSA
  2. 2.Department of Family and Community Medicine, Center for Integrative MedicineUniversity of Maryland School of MedicineBaltimoreUSA
  3. 3.Institute of Nursing ScienceSeoul National UniversitySeoulSouth Korea

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