Migrants, who comprise 80 % of the population in the United Arab Emirates, are at risk of developing mental health disorders. To test associations among religious attendance, health-promoting lifestyle behaviors (HPLB), and depressive symptoms, we conducted a cross-sectional survey in Dubai. Measures included frequency of religious attendance, the Health-Promoting Lifestyle Profile, and the Depression, Anxiety, and Stress Scale. Multiple regression analyses were used to explore relationships among religious attendance, HPLB, and depressive symptoms. Religious attendance was significantly associated with self-actualization, stress management, and depressive symptoms. Self-actualization and stress management mediated the relationships between religious attendance and depressive symptoms for both males and females, and interpersonal support mediated the relationship for females, controlling for age and education. The facilitation of positive internal and external resources generated by participating in religious activities may have increased the likelihood that the Korean migrants would engage in psychosocial healthy lifestyle behaviors, and may have decreased depressive symptoms.
Religious attendance Depressive symptoms Health behavior Migrants
This is a preview of subscription content, log in to check access
Al-Maskari F, et al. Prevalence of depression and suicidal behaviors among male migrant workers in the United Arab Emirates. J Immigr Minor Health. 2011;13:1027–32.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
Lee KW. Relations between depression, anxiety, stress and the concentration of urinary hydroxyproline and Proline (Doctoral dissertation). Seoul: Graduate School of Environmental Engineering, Yonsei University. 2007 (in Korean).Google Scholar
Gong SH. A comparative study on health promoting lifestyle, perception for successful aging and preparation for old age among working and non-working married women (Master’s thesis). Seoul: Graduate School of Information in Clinical Nursing, Hanyang University. 2010 (in Korean).Google Scholar
Hayes AF, Scharkow M. The relative trustworthiness of inferential tests of the indirect effect in statistical mediation analysis: does method really matter? Psychol Sci. 2013;24(10):1918–27.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar