Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health

, Volume 17, Issue 2, pp 349–357 | Cite as

Food Insecurity, Cigarette Smoking, and Acculturation Among Latinos: Data From NHANES 1999–2008

  • Lisbeth Iglesias-Rios
  • Julie E. Bromberg
  • Richard P. Moser
  • Erik M. Augustson
Original Paper


Prevalence of food insecurity (FI) among Latinos in the United States is almost double the national average. To better understand FI among Latinos, potential risk factors beyond poverty, including acculturation indicators and smoking status, were explored. Cross-sectional data from 6,681 Latino adults from the 1999–2008 National Health and Nutrition Examination Surveys were used. Partial proportional odds (PPO) models were used to estimate associations of FI, including cigarette smoking and acculturation. The PPO models indicated that compared with never smokers, current smokers had significantly higher odds of FI (odds ratios ranged from 1.32 to 1.51 across models). Lower levels of acculturation and poverty and being a younger or middle-aged adult were also significantly associated with FI. Among Latinos, current smoking and low acculturation are important risk factors for FI. Current smoking and low acculturation may exacerbate nutritional deprivation in a population that is already disproportionally affected by poverty and poor health outcomes.


Food insecurity Smoking Tobacco Acculturation Latinos 



This project has been funded in part with Federal funds from the National Cancer Institute, National Institutes of Health, U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, under Contract No. HHSN261201000043C.

Conflict of interest



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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York (Outside the USA) 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  • Lisbeth Iglesias-Rios
    • 1
  • Julie E. Bromberg
    • 2
  • Richard P. Moser
    • 3
  • Erik M. Augustson
    • 1
  1. 1.Tobacco Control Research Branch, Behavioral Research Program, Division of Cancer Control and Population Sciences, National Cancer InstituteNational Institutes of HealthBethesdaUSA
  2. 2.BLH Technologies, Inc.RockvilleUSA
  3. 3.Science of Research and Technology Branch, Behavioral Research Program, Division of Cancer Control and Population Sciences, National Cancer InstituteNational Institutes of HealthBethesdaUSA

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