Measures of Acculturation are Associated with Cardiovascular Disease Risk Factors, Dietary Intakes, and Physical Activity in Older Chinese Americans in New York City
- 683 Downloads
Cardiovascular disease (CVD) is the leading cause of death in the U.S. and affects Chinese Americans disproportionately compared to other ethnic groups in the American population. Studies of immigrant populations have shown that risk factors for CVD, including diet and physical activity, differ by acculturation. This cross-sectional study evaluated whether two measures of acculturation (region of birthplace, length of residence in the U.S.) were associated with CVD risk factors, dietary intakes, and physical activity of 125 older Chinese Americans who participated in health fairs conducted in NYC. In this study, mean waist circumference differed significantly by birthplace. Mean systolic and diastolic blood pressure differed significantly by length of residence in the U.S. Mean intake of vitamin B6, folate and calcium differed significantly by birthplace: Chinese Americans from Hong Kong had the highest mean vitamin B6 intake whereas older Chinese Americans from Northern China had the highest folate and calcium intakes. Mean intake of riboflavin differed significantly by length of residence in the U.S. with Chinese Americans adults who lived in the U.S. less than 10 years having the highest mean intake. Mean dairy intake of Chinese Americans differed significantly by birthplace, with adults from northern China having the highest mean dairy intake. Vigorous-intensity physical activity differed significantly by birthplace, with adults from Hong Kong reporting the most daily minutes of vigorous-intensity physical activity. This study suggests that acculturation may be associated with the cardiovascular health of older Chinese Americans living in NYC.
KeywordsAcculturation Older Chinese Americans Cardiovascular disease Dietary intake Physical activity
- 1.Allen ML, Elliot MN, Morales LS, Diamant AL, Hambarsoomian K, Schuster MA. Adolescent participation in preventive health behaviors, physical activity, and nutrition: differences across immigrant generations for Asians and Latinos compared with Whites. Am J Public Health. 2007;97:337–43.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
- 2.American Diabetes Association. All about diabetes. 2006. http://www.diabetes.org/about-diabetes.jsp.
- 3.American Heart Association. Diseases and conditions. 2005. http://www.americanheart.org/presenter.jhtml?identifier=1200002.
- 4.American Heart Association. Third Report of the National Cholesterol Education Program (NCEP) Expert Panel on Detection, Evaluation, and Treatment of High Blood Cholesterol in Adults (Adult Treatment Panel III, or ATP III. 2006. Available at: http://www.americanheart.org/presenter.jhtml?identifier=11206.
- 7.Centers for Disease Control. Behavioral risk factor surveillance system. 2008. Available at: http://apps.nccd.cdc.gov/brfss/list.asp?cat=PA&yr=2007&qkey=4418&state=All.
- 23.Merriam-Webster Dictionary. 2011. Available at: http://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/acculturation.
- 29.The Health of Immigrants in New York City. 2008. Accessed 2 June 2008. Available at: http://www.nyc.gov/html/doh/downloads/pdf/episrv/episrv-immigrant-report.pdf.
- 30.The Newest New Yorkers. 2000. New York City Department of City Planning Population Division; 2004.Google Scholar
- 35.Wong SS, Dixon LB, Gilbride JA, Chin WW, Kwan TW. Diet, physical activity, and cardiovascular disease risk factors among older Chinese Americans living in New York City. J Community Health. 2010. Online First 16 Nov 2010.Google Scholar
- 36.World Health Organization. The Asia perspective: redefining obesity and its treatment. 2000. Available at: http://www.wpro.who.int/internet/resources.ashx/NUT/Redefining+obesity.pdf.