Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health

, Volume 13, Issue 1, pp 74–80 | Cite as

Anthropometric and Lifestyle Associations of Bone Mass in Healthy Pre-Menopausal Mexican and Asian American Women

  • Noe C. Crespo
  • Eun Jung Yoo
  • Steven A. Hawkins
Original Paper


Few studies have established the lifestyle predictors of peak bone mineral density (BMD) in Mexican-American (MA) and Asian-American (AA) women. Pre-menopausal MA (n = 48) and AA (n = 58) women aged 30–45 years old were tested for BMD, body composition, aerobic fitness, and muscle function. Socio-demographic characteristics, health status, prevalence of osteoporosis risk factors, physical activity, and diet were determined via questionnaire. Pearson’s correlations and multiple linear regressions were used to test the associations between various osteoporosis risk factors and BMD. Body composition, anthropometric, and BMD differences were noted between groups. Hip, but not spine BMD, remained significantly higher for the MA compared to the AA group after adjustment for age, BMI, income, and physical activity index. Lean body mass was a significant predictor of hip BMD for both groups and this relationship was stronger for the AA group. Lean body mass may explain ethnic differences in BMD.


Ethnicity Bone density Osteoporosis Risk factors 



Funding provided by the National Institute of Health S06 GM 8101-28. Noe C. Crespo was supported by NIDDK F31DK079345


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  • Noe C. Crespo
    • 1
  • Eun Jung Yoo
    • 2
  • Steven A. Hawkins
    • 3
    • 4
  1. 1.Graduate School of Public HealthSan Diego State UniversitySan DiegoUSA
  2. 2.The Institute of Sport ScienceSeoul National UniversitySeoulKorea
  3. 3.Department of Exercise ScienceCalifornia Lutheran UniversityThousand OaksUSA
  4. 4.Division of Biokinesiology and Physical TherapyUniversity of Southern CaliforniaLos AngelesUSA

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