Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health

, Volume 12, Issue 5, pp 798–805 | Cite as

Maternal Nativity Status and Birth Outcomes in Asian Immigrants

  • Cheng Qin
  • Jeffrey B. Gould
Original Paper


Background The study examines the relationship between maternal nativity, maternal risks and birth outcomes in six Asian sub-populations. Methods U.S.- versus foreign-born immigrants of Chinese (67,222), Japanese (18,275) and Filipino (87,1208), Vietnamese (45,229), Cambodian/Laotian (21,237), and Korean (23,430) singleton live births were assessed for maternal risks and birth outcomes. Results U.S.-born Chinese and Japanese mothers had lower risk and increased preterm births but similar infant mortality, while U.S.-born Filipino mothers had higher risk and higher infant mortality. U.S.-born mothers of more recent Cambodian/Laotian and Vietnamese immigrants had higher risk and delivered more small and preterm births, while U.S.-born Korean mothers had higher risk but no differences in preterm and low birthweight delivery. Discussion Asians in America are a distinctly heterogenous population in terms of the relationship between maternal risk factors and birth outcomes and the influence of maternal nativity on this relationship.


Asian immigrants Maternal nativity Birth outcomes 



We thank Ms. Amy Marks and Ms. Beth Anderson for their analytical support and comments on the preliminary work. We thank also the Maternal and Child Health Branch, California Department of Health Services for their support of the Perinatal Profiles project (Contract 99-85027).


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2008

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.University of CaliforniaBerkeleyUSA
  2. 2.Division of Reproductive Health, Maternal and Infant Health BranchCenters for Disease Control and PreventionAtlantaUSA
  3. 3.Stanford University School of MedicineBerkeleyUSA

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