Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health

, Volume 7, Issue 4, pp 247–258 | Cite as

Intersection of Canadian Policy Parameters Affecting Women with Precarious Immigration Status: A Baseline for Understanding Barriers to Health

  • Jacqueline Oxman-Martinez
  • Jill Hanley
  • Lucyna Lach
  • Nazilla Khanlou
  • Swarna Weerasinghe
  • Vijay Agnew


Canadian federal policy provides a framework for the immigration and health experiences of immigrant women. The official immigration category under which a migrant is admitted determines to what degree her right to remain in the country (immigration status) is precarious. Women immigrants fall primarily into the more dependent categories and they experience barriers to access to health services arising from this precarious status. Federal immigration and health policies create direct barriers to health through regulation of immigrants’ access to services as well as unintended secondary barriers. These direct and secondary policy barriers intersect with each other and with socio-cultural barriers arising from the migrant’s socio-economic and ethno-cultural background to undermine equitable access to health for immigrant women living in Canada.


immigration policies intersection women’s health health policy 


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Copyright information

© Springer Science + Business Media, Inc. 2005

Authors and Affiliations

  • Jacqueline Oxman-Martinez
    • 1
  • Jill Hanley
    • 2
  • Lucyna Lach
    • 3
  • Nazilla Khanlou
    • 4
  • Swarna Weerasinghe
    • 5
  • Vijay Agnew
    • 6
  1. 1.Centre de recherche interdisciplinaire sur la violence familiale et la violence faite aux femmes (CRI-VIFF)Université de Montréalsuccursale Centre-ville MontréalCanada
  2. 2.Groupe d’études sur le racisme, la migration et l’exclusionUniversité libre de BruxellesBrusselsBelgium
  3. 3.School of Social WorkMcGill UniversityMontrealCanada
  4. 4.School of NursingUniversity of TorontoTorontoCanada
  5. 5.Department of Community Health and Epidemiology, Faculty of MedicineDalhousie UniversityNova ScotiaCanada
  6. 6.Department of Women’s StudiesYork UniversityTorontoCanada

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