Journal of Happiness Studies

, Volume 20, Issue 4, pp 995–1013 | Cite as

Personality Factors and Meaning in Life: The Mediating Role of Competence, Relatedness and Autonomy

  • Nur Demirbaş-ÇelikEmail author
  • İbrahim Keklik
Research Paper


This study examined the mediating role of basic psychological needs of competence, autonomy and relatedness in the relationship between higher-order personality factors and meaning in life (MIL). Participants of the study were 360 high school students in İstanbul, Turkey. The Big Five Inventory, Basic Psychological Need Satisfaction Scale and the Meaning in Life Questionnaire were used for data collection. Data analysis was done by structural equation modeling. Results showed that search of meaning was not correlated with most of the latent variables. Thus, it was not included in the models testing. Each psychological need (competence, relatedness and autonomy) partially mediated the relationship between stability and presence of meaning in life. MIL. On the other hand, only competence and relatedness partially mediated the relationship between plasticity and search of meaning. Finding regarding gender were mixed. Findings, limitations and implications of the study were discussed.


Plasticity Stability Meaning in life Presence of meaning Search of meaning Competence Relatedness Autonomy Adolescents 


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© Springer Science+Business Media B.V., part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Alanya Alaaddin Keykubat ÜniversitesiAlanya, AntalyaTürkiye
  2. 2.Hacettepe UniversityAnkaraTurkey

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