Journal of Happiness Studies

, Volume 19, Issue 1, pp 231–256 | Cite as

Work Locus of Control, Motivational Regulation, Employee Work Passion, and Work Intentions: An Empirical Investigation of an Appraisal Model

  • Drea Zigarmi
  • Fred J. Galloway
  • Taylor Peyton Roberts
Research Paper


In accordance with appraisal theory, relationships among four psychological constructs within an individual are examined: work-specific locus of control, motivational regulation, work passion, and work intentions. A survey was administered electronically to a database of working professionals, and 2654 responses were analyzed using structural equation modeling. Locus of control variables were significantly related to all three forms of motivational regulation in employees. Three of the five possible relationships between forms of motivational regulation and work passion variables were found to be significant, in part supporting the importance of autonomous regulation to both harmonious passion and obsessive passion in the employee appraisal process. Partial mediation testing indicated that internal locus of control directly contributed somewhat to harmonious passion, and the same was found to be true for external locus of control and obsessive passion. Both work passion variables predicted work intentions, but stronger relationships were found between harmonious passion and work intentions. Findings and practical implications are discussed.


Work locus of control Motivational outlook Work passion Work intentions Appraisal theory 


Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  • Drea Zigarmi
    • 1
  • Fred J. Galloway
    • 2
  • Taylor Peyton Roberts
    • 3
  1. 1.The Ken Blanchard Companies and the University of San DiegoEscondidoUSA
  2. 2.University of San DiegoSan DiegoUSA
  3. 3.Valencore ConsultingSan DiegoUSA

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