Table 1 Sociodemographic characteristics of Study Participants (E-cig users) categorized by their Tobacco Cigarette Smoking Status (n = 392)

From: The Era of E-Cigarettes: A Cross-Sectional Study of Vaping Preferences, Reasons for Use and Withdrawal Symptoms Among Current E-Cigarette Users in the United Arab Emirates

Characteristic                                                                                                     n (%) P value*
Never smoker (n = 95) Former smoker (n = 185) Current smoker (n = 112) Total (n = 392)
Age (years)    < 0.001
 18–25 65 (16.6) 70 (17.9) 63 (16.1) 198 (50.5)
 26–40 30 (7.7) 99 (25.3) 40 (10.2) 169 (43.1)
 40–55 0 (0.0) 16 (4.1) 9 (2.3) 25 (6.4)
Gender   0.815
 Male 68 (17.3) 131 (33.4) 76 (19.4) 275 (70.2)
 Female 27 (6.9) 54 (13.8) 36 (9.2) 117 (29.8)
Ethnicity   0.124
 Arab 74 (18.9) 161 (41.1) 96 (24.5) 331 (84.4)
 Non-Arab 21 (5.4) 24 (6.1) 16 (4.1) 61 (15.6)
Education   < 0.001
 No degree 27 (6.9) 3 (0.8) 8 (2.0) 38 (9.7)
 Secondary school 11 (2.8) 8 (2.0) 8 (2.0) 27 (6.9)
 Diploma 4 (1.0) 13 (3.3) 18 (4.6) 35 (8.9)
 Bachelor's Degree 49 (12.5) 139 (35.5) 68 (17.3) 256 (65.3)
 Postgraduate Degree 4 (1.0) 22 (5.6) 10 (2.6) 36 (9.2)
Occupation   < 0.001
 University student 45 (11.5) 11 (2.8) 21(5.4) 77 (19.6)
 Employee/health sector 13 (3.3) 69 (17.6) 21(5.4) 103 (26.3)
Employee/non-health sector 28 (7.1) 76 (19.4) 51 (13.0) 155 (39.5)
 Unemployed/retired 8 (2.0) 27 (6.9) 15 (3.8) 50 (12.8)
 Others 1 (0.3) 2 (0.5) 4 (1.0) 7 (1.8)
Marital status    < 0.001
 Married 26 (6.6) 107 (27.3) 31 (7.9) 164 (41.8)
 Single 68 (17.3) 68 (17.3) 74 (18.9) 210 (53.6)
 Divorced/widowed 1 (0.3) 10 (2.6) 7 (1.8) 18 (4.6)
Having children    < 0.001
 Yes 10 (2.6) 90 (23.0) 30 (7.7) 130 (33.2)
 No 17 (4.3) 27 (6.9) 8 (2.0) 52 (13.3)
 Single (no children) 68 (17.3) 68 (17.3) 74 (18.9) 210 (53.6)
No. of caffeinated beverages per day     0.280
 None 13 (3.3) 25 (6.4) 12 (3.1) 50 (12.8)
 One drink 14 (3.6) 36 (9.2) 27 (6.9) 77 (19.6)
 2–3 drinks 50 (12.8) 87 (22.2) 61 (15.6) 198 (50.5)
 ≥ 4 drinks 18 (4.6) 37 (9.4) 12 (3.1) 67 (17.1)
  1. All percentages were calculated based on the total sample (n = 392)
  2. *Chi-square test (significance at P value < 0.05)