Prostate Knowledge, Attitudes and Beliefs in Black College Men: A Qualitative Study
This qualitative study explores prostate cancer knowledge and risk in Black college men. Using the Health Belief Model as a guide, focus groups and interviews were conducted with 35 Black males at a historically black college and university. Thematic analysis was conducted and general themes were found. Results indicate that Black college males have very little knowledge and understanding of what their prostate is and what it does. They are also unaware of their risk of developing prostate cancer. Additionally, while many believe prostate cancer is severe, few believe they are susceptible to getting it. These findings suggest more work needs to be done to educate young Black males on not only their prostate and prostate cancer, but on their general health. Efforts should focus on increasing the health knowledge of younger Black males in addition to that of middle-aged and older Black males so that health disparities can decrease.
KeywordsProstate cancer Black men College Knowledge
This study was made possible by funding from the NIGMS-BUILD grant number 8UL1GM118967-02 and the RCMI grant number 2G12MD007595-06 from the National Institute on Minority Health and Health Disparities. This research also was made possible by funding from the Louisiana Cancer Research Consortium. The contents are solely the responsibility of the authors and do not represent the official views of the NIH. This study was also supported by a grant from the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute to the University of Mississippi Medical Center (1R25HL126145-01-MPIs Beech and Norris).
Compliance with Ethical Standards
Conflict of interest
Krista Mincey received the first grant above to conduct the research in this article. Krista Mincey is part of a NIH research program supported by the second grant. No other conflicts exist for the other authors.
- 1.U.S. Cancer Statistics Working Group. (2016). United States Cancer Statistics: 1999–2013 Incidence and Mortality Web-based Report. Atlanta, GA: U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention and National Cancer Institute. Available at: http://www.cdc.gov/uscs.
- 2.Edwards, B. K., Noone, A., Mariotto, A. B., et al. (2013). Annual report to the nation on the status of cancer, 1975–2010, featuring prevalence of comorbidity and impact on survival among person with lung, colorectal, breast, or prostate cancer. Cancer, 120(9), 1290–1314. doi: 10.1002/cncr.28509.CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
- 3.American Cancer Society. (2015). What are the risk factors for prostate cancer? Retrieved February 10, 2017 from http://www.cancer.org/cancer/prostatecancer/detailedguide/prostate-cancer-risk-factors.
- 5.Owens, O. L., Jackson, D. D., Thomas, T. L., Friedman, D. B., & Hebert, J. R. (2015). Prostate cancer knowledge and decision making among African-American men and women in the southeastern United States. International Journal of Men’s Health, 14(1), 55–70. doi: 10.3149/jmh.1401.55.PubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
- 9.Cowart, L. W., Brown, B., & Biro, D. J. (2004). Educating African American men about prostate cancer: The barbershop program. American Journal of Health Studies, 19(4), 205–213.Google Scholar
- 14.Smith, W. A., Hung, M., Franklin, J. D. (2011) Racial battle fatigue and the miseducation of Black men: Racial microagression, societal problems, and environmental stress. Journal of Negro Education, 80, 63–82Google Scholar
- 15.Sharma, M. (2017). Theoretical foundations of health education and health promotion. Burlington, MA: Jones & Barlett Learning.Google Scholar
- 18.Griffith, D. M., Ellis, K. R., & Allen, J. O. (2013). Intersectional approach to stress and coping among African American men: Men’s and women’s perspectives. American Journal of Men’s Health, 7(4S), 16–27.Google Scholar
- 24.Xavier University of Louisiana. (2015). University profile 2015–2016 Student body. Retrieved February 2, 2017 from http://www.xula.edu/opira/ir/ir.html.