Effectiveness of Drug Camps in Treatment of Substance Abuse in Thailand
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Various drug camps have been introduced in Thailand since the 2000s. This study explored the effects of drug camps in Thailand. Four provinces were selected to represent different region throughout Thailand. Assessments of 2679 drug users were carried out longitudinally, age ranging from 11 to 67 years old; assessments occurred before camp, after camps, and after a 1 year follow-up. Two hundred twenty-six camps organizers, community leaders, and lay people were selected as key informants. Twenty communities were observed prospectively and 400 lay people were studied. Self-administered questionnaires were utilized as well as interview guidelines and documents. It emerged that the effectiveness of drug camp was 51.3% (intention-to-treat), whilst poly drug use increased significantly from before camp and 3 months after camp (repeated ANOVA p < 0.001) particularly among users aged 15 years old and over. Drug camps could be considered as an alternative measure for drug users; however, negative impacts should be considered.
KeywordsSubstance abuse treatment Drug camp Effectiveness Thailand
Grateful acknowledgement is made to the ISAN Academic Network, Khon Kaen University, for generous support for facilities. We would like to thank Editage (http://www.editage.com) for English language editing and Publication Support.
The authors would like to thank the Office of the Narcotics Control Board (ONCB88/2556) for funding support of this research project.
Compliance with Ethical Standards
Conflict of interest
The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.
Research Involving Human Participants
This research project was approved by the Human Research Ethical Committee Khon Kaen University (approval number HE571147) based on the principles of the Declaration of Helsinki, and ICH GCP standards.
Written consent was acquired from the participants and from the parents/guardians of minors.
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