The Effects of Nutrition Awareness and Knowledge on Health Habits and Performance Among Pharmacy Students in Egypt
- 407 Downloads
A cross-sectional study was conducted on a group of pharmacy students to assess the relation between nutritional knowledge and awareness of university students and their nutrition habits and health related performance and indicators. The students were subjected to a questionnaire designed to approach four health related topics including nutrition literacy, health awareness, nutritional habits and health related performance. Answers on each topic were collected and statistical analysis was performed using GraphPad Prism 5 software including a measure of gender differences and correlative studies. No significant difference between genders in the overall responses but discrepancies in certain questions were observed. Female students showed higher awareness of nutrition concepts and practices but poor implementation from their side was observed. The study revealed that a positive and significant correlation existed between health related performance and nutrition literacy (r = 0.32). Healthier eating habits and lifestyle were associated more with nutrition conscious students (r = 0.73) than knowledgeable students (r = 0.56). It was concluded that knowledge alone is not enough to stimulate individuals to practice healthy habits. Other implementations are required to raise awareness of the issues at hand.
KeywordsNutrition awareness Healthy eating habits Pharmacy students Cross-sectional study
Compliance with Ethical Standards
Conflict of Interest
The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.
The study is compliant with the standards of the Ain Shams University ethical committee and the Helsinki declaration for proof of consent to the study.
- 1.Hassan-Wassef, H. (2004). Food habits of the Egyptians: newly emerging trends. East Mediterranean Health Journal, 10, 898–915.Google Scholar
- 3.Abolfotouh, M. A., Soliman, L. A., Mansour, E., Farghaly, M., & El-Dawaiaty, A. A. (2008). Central obesity among adults in Egypt: prevalence and associated morbidity. East Mediterranean Health Journal, 14, 57–68.Google Scholar
- 6.Kolodinsky, J., Harvey-Berino, J. R., Berlin, L., Johnson, R. K., & Reynolds, T. W. (2007). Knowledge of current dietary guidelines and food choice by college students: better eaters have higher knowledge of dietary guidance. Journal of the American Dietetic Association, 107, 1409–1413.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
- 17.Schoenthaler, S. J., Bier, I. D., Young, K., Nichols, D., & Jansenns, S. (2000). The effect of vitamin-mineral supplementation on the intelligence of American schoolchildren: a randomized, double-blind placebo-controlled trial. Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine, 6, 19–29.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar