Environmental and Social Determinants of Youth Physical Activity Intensity Levels at Neighborhood Parks in Las Vegas, NV
- 683 Downloads
Parks can play an important role in youth activity. This study used observational data to evaluate the relationship of environmental and social determinants to youth physical activity intensity levels in Las Vegas neighborhood parks. System for observing play and leisure activity in youth was used to code activity levels as sedentary, walking, or vigorous in five low-income and five high-income parks. Environmental determinants included amenities, incivilities, size, high-speed streets, sidewalk condition, and temperature. Social determinants included percent minority and Hispanic, gender, and income. A multinomial logistic regression model was performed. We observed 1,421 youth, 59 % male, 41 % female; 21 % were sedentary, 38 % walking, and 41 % vigorous. Males were more likely to be observed walking (OR 1.42) and vigorous (OR 2.21) when compared to sedentary. High-speed streets (OR 0.76), sidewalks condition (OR 0.34), and low-income neighborhoods (OR 0.07) was associated with decreased odds of vigorous activity; incivilities (OR 1.34) and amenities (OR 1.27) were associated with greater odds of being vigorous. Environmental and social determinants are associated with physical activity intensity levels at parks. Stakeholders should ensure quality parks, as they relate to physical activity levels in youth. Understanding environmental and social determinants that influence physical activity at parks is critical to utilizing their full potential in an effort to combat childhood obesity.
KeywordsBuilt environment Urban planning Vigorous Moderate Childhood obesity
- 2.Haskell, W., Lee, I-Min, Pate, R., Powell, K., Blair, S., Franklin, B., et al. (2007). Physical activity and public health: updated recommendation for adults from the American College of Sports Medicine and the American Heart Association. Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise, 39(8), 1423–1434.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
- 4.Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Youth Risk Behavior Surveillance Survey: Fact Sheets. http://www.cdc.gov/healthyyouth/yrbs/factsheets/index.htm. Accessed 7 Oct 2013.
- 6.Frank, L., Sallis, J., Conway, T., Chapman, J., Saelens, B., & Bachman, W. (2006). Many pathways from land use to health: Associations between neighborhood walk ability and active transportation, body mass index, and air quality. Journal of American Planning Association, 72(1), 75–87.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
- 12.Southern Nevada Strong. (2013). 2012 Southern nevada existing conditions report. Prepared by the Southern Nevada Regional Planning Coalition, Lincy Institute, UNLV Urban Sustainability Initiative, UNLV School of Community Health Sciences.Google Scholar
- 13.Coughenour, C. & Pharr, J. (2012). Is there a disparity in park access in Clark County, NV? Presented at the Nevada Public Health Association Annual Conference, Las Vegas, NV.Google Scholar
- 14.Ekelund, U., Sardinha, L., Anderssen, S., Harro, M., Franks, P., Brage, S., et al. (2004). Associations between objectively assessed physical activity and indicators of body fatness in 9- to 10-year-old European children: a population-based study from 4 distinct regions in Europe (the European Youth Heart Study). American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, 80(3), 584–590.PubMedGoogle Scholar
- 15.Department of Housing and Urban Development (HUD). (2012). 2013 Adjusted home income limits. Retrieved 25 July 2013 from http://nvhousing.state.nv.us/low_income/2013%20HOME%20Income%20Limits.pdf.
- 16.Lee, R. (2010). Physical Activity Resource Assessment (PARA); Protocol and definitions. Retrieved 1 May 2012 from http://grants.hhp.coe.uh.edu/undo/?page_id=21.
- 17.McKenzie, T. (2006). System for Observing Play and Leisure Activity (SOPLAY); Description and procedures manual. Retrieved 1 May 2012 from http://www.activelivingresearch.org/node/10642.
- 21.Sallis, J., Taylor, W., Dowda, M., Freeson, P., & Pate, R. (2002). Correlates of vigorous physical activity for children in grades 1 through 12: Comparing parent-reported and objectively measured physical activity. Pediatric Exercise Science, 14(1), 30–44.Google Scholar