Racial Disparities at the Point of Care for Urban Children with Persistent Asthma
Little is known about disparities in preventive asthma care delivery at the time of an office visit. Our objective was to better understand what treatments are delivered at the point of care for urban children with asthma, and whether there are racial disparities. We enrolled 100 Black and 77 White children (2–12 years) with persistent asthma from 6 primary care practices. We evaluated how frequently providers delivered guideline-based asthma actions at the index visit. We also assessed asthma morbidity prior to the index visit and again at 2 month follow-up. Black children had greater symptom severity and were less likely to report having a preventive medication at baseline, but were no more likely to report a preventive medication action at the time of an office visit. Symptoms persisted for Black children at follow-up, suggesting additional preventive actions were needed. Further efforts to promote consistent guideline-based preventive asthma care are critical.
KeywordsChildhood asthma Disparities Urban health
The authors have no affiliation, financial agreement, or other involvement with any company or manufacturer. This work was funded by a grant from the NHLBI of the National Institutes of Health (R01 HL091835). This study includes data from the Prompting Asthma Intervention in Rochester—Uniting Parents and Providers (PAIR-UP) trial in Rochester, NY. (www.clinicaltrials.gov Identifier: NCT01105754).
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