Journal of Community Health

, Volume 31, Issue 2, pp 79–83 | Cite as

Perspectives on avian influenza

  • Pascal James Imperato
  • Gavin H. Imperato

Avian influenza viruses have regularly caused illness in a range of bird species.1 Since 1997, there has been a special public health focus on the H5N1 strain which has caused widespread epidemics in domestic poultry beginning in Hong Kong where 20 human cases and 7 deaths occurred.2 In succeeding years, there have been widespread outbreaks among domestic fowl in China, Central Asia, Southeast Asia, Indonesia, Malaysia, Japan, and South Korea. More recently, H5N1 has infected turkeys in Turkey and ducks in Romania.3

The movement of the H5N1 epizootic out of Asia and into Europe, coupled with its ability to infect other animal species and to pass from domestic fowl to humans, has created increasing concerns among some scientists, public health authorities, and political leaders.4This spread, however, has been primarily facilitated by migrating birds that act as carriers. Given the flyways of migratory bird species from Eastern Europe and Western Asia, it would not be unexpected to see...


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, Inc. 2006

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Preventive Medicine and Community HealthSUNY Downstate Medical CenterBrooklynUSA

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