Actual and perceptual measures of gambling exposure are important predictors of problem gambling. This study used Zero-Inflated Poisson regression analyses to assess the relative and interactive effects of actual and perceived exposure on problem gambling risk and severity. Data from the 2008 and 2009 Social and Economic Impacts of Gambling in Alberta surveys indicated actual exposure was significantly associated with problem gambling risk while perceived exposure was significantly associated with problem gambling severity. These associations differ for gamblers from emerging and mature areas. Further, actual and perceived exposure had significant interaction effects on problem gambling severity but not on risk. Implications from these findings suggest that the prevalence of problem gambling could be reduced by restrictions on gambling opportunities.
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The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.
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This study is a secondary analysis of human subject survey data.
All subjects from the original study consented to participate in the survey. The University of Lethbridge approved the original study and the current secondary analysis. Human Subject Research Committee approval number: 2016-061.
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Ofori Dei, S.M., Christensen, D.R., Awosoga, O.A. et al. The Relative and Interactive Effects of Actual and Perceived Gambling Exposure on Gambling Behaviour. J Gambl Stud (2021). https://doi.org/10.1007/s10899-020-09991-w
- Actual exposure
- Perceived exposure
- Problem gambling risk
- Problem gambling severity