Gambling Disorder in Veterans: A Review of the Literature and Implications for Future Research

Review Paper


To review the scientific literature examining gambling behavior in military veterans in order to summarize factors associated with gambling behavior in this population. Database searches were employed to identify articles specifically examining gambling behavior in military veterans. Cumulative search results identified 52 articles (1983–2017) examining gambling behavior in veteran populations. Articles generally fell into one or more of the following categories: prevalence, psychological profiles and psychiatric comorbidities, treatment evaluations, measurement, and genetic contributions to gambling disorder. Results from reviewed articles are presented and implications for future research discussed. Research to date has provided an excellent foundation to inform potential screening, intervention and research activities going forward. The authors suggest that a public health approach to future research endeavors would strengthen the evidence base regarding gambling in veteran populations and better inform strategies for screening, prevention and treatment.


Veterans Gambling disorder Problem gambling 



Funding for this project was provided by the Maryland Department of Health and Mental Hygiene, Behavioral Health Administration (#M00B4400404; PI: J. K. Tracy).

Compliance with Ethical Standards

Conflict of interest

Authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.

Ethical Approval

This article does not contain any studies with human participants or animals performed by any of the authors.


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© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Epidemiology and Public HealthUniversity of Maryland School of MedicineBaltimoreUSA
  2. 2.The Research Program on GamblingMaryland Center of Excellence on Problem GamblingBaltimoreUSA
  3. 3.Department of MedicineUniversity of Maryland School of MedicineBaltimoreUSA

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