When Criticizing Others It is Helpful to Focus on Actual Behavior: A Comment About Auer and Griffiths (2016)
KeywordsActual Behavior Gambling Behavior Subject Pool Casino Game Game Combination
Compliance with Ethical Standards
Conflict of interest
The authors individually and collectively declare that they have no conflict of interest. Nonetheless, we want to disclose that The Division on Addiction at the Cambridge Health Alliance has received research grants and contracts from a variety of sources, including the following: bwin.party Interactive Entertainment, AG; the Foundation for Advancing Alcohol Responsibility (FAAR); National Institutes of Health (i.e., NIDA, NIAAA, NIMH); Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (SAMHSA); the National Center for Responsible Gambling (NCRG); Massachusetts Council on Compulsive Gambling; the Massachusetts Gaming Commission; and the University of Nevada, Las Vegas. Dr. Shaffer has received funding for consultation from many sources including Las Vegas Sands Corp., Davies Ward Phillips & Vineberg, LLP, and the DUNES of Easthampton. Dr. Tom and Braverman have no individual financial matters to disclose.
This article does not contain any studies with human participants or animals performed by any of the authors.
- Baumeister, R. F., Vohs, K. D., & Funder, D. C. (2007). Psychology as the science of self-reports and finger movements: Whatever happened to actual behavior? Psychological Science, 2(4), 396–403.Google Scholar
- Shaffer, H. J., Peller, A. J., LaPlante, D. A., Nelson, S. E., & LaBrie, R. A. (2011). Research using actual behavior encourages and confirms accurate self-report: A response to Griffiths’ (2010) further comments. Addiction Research & Theory, 19(1), 87–88. doi: 10.3109/16066359.2010.517332.CrossRefGoogle Scholar