Journal of Gambling Studies

, Volume 31, Issue 3, pp 907–919 | Cite as

Testing the Acquired Preparedness Model: Predicting College Student Gambling Frequency and Symptomatology

  • Meredith K. Ginley
  • James P. Whelan
  • George E. Relyea
  • Andrew W. Meyers
  • Godfrey D. Pearlson
Original Paper


The acquired preparedness model posits that impulsivity influences the development of outcome expectancies that then influence the engagement in a specific risk taking behavior. The purpose of this study was to test the acquired preparedness model for gambling behavior of college students using a multidimensional approach to impulsivity. Employing a structural equation approach, it was predicted that a full mediational model that includes multiple dimensions of impulsivity and multiple outcome expectancies would predict gambling frequency and gambling symptomatology. Support was found for the acquired preparedness model in understanding why some college students gamble more frequently or problematically. Specifically, better model fit was found for the full mediational model that included outcome expectancies to predict both frequency and gambling symptomatology than the model that included the direct relation between impulsivity and gambling.


Acquired preparedness model College student gambling Outcome expectancies Impulsivity 



This research was supported in part by grants from the National Institution on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism (Brain and Alcohol Research in College Students: BARCS: RO1 AA016599 and RC1 AA019036 to Dr. Godfrey Pearlson). This research was supported in part by grants from the National Institution on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism to Dr. Godfrey Pearlson. We would like to thank R. Rosen, R. E. Jiantonio-Kelly, and J. Sistante from Olin Neuropsychiatry Research Center, Hartford Hospital; S.A. Raskin from Trinity College Department of Psychology; H. Tennen from University of Connecticut Health Center; and C.S. Austad, R.M. Wood, and C.R. Fallahi from the Central Connecticut State University Department of Psychology for their assistance with portions of the data collection process. We would also like to thank the members of The Institute for Gambling Education and Research Lab (T.I.G.E.R.) for their assistance with review of manuscript drafts.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  • Meredith K. Ginley
    • 1
  • James P. Whelan
    • 1
  • George E. Relyea
    • 2
  • Andrew W. Meyers
    • 1
  • Godfrey D. Pearlson
    • 3
    • 4
  1. 1.Department of PsychologyUniversity of MemphisMemphisUSA
  2. 2.School of Public HealthUniversity of MemphisMemphisUSA
  3. 3.Olin Neuropsychiatry Research CenterHartford HospitalHartfordUSA
  4. 4.Departments of Psychiatry and NeurobiologyYale University School of MedicineNew HavenUSA

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