Journal of Family Violence

, Volume 31, Issue 8, pp 959–966 | Cite as

Where Do We Go from here?: Examining Intimate Partner Violence by Bringing Male Victims, Female Perpetrators, and Psychological Sciences into the Fold

  • Reginaldo Chase Espinoza
  • Debra Warner
Original Article


Gender symmetry in intimate partner violence (IPV) has come to light in research, stirring much controversy. Historically, there has been resistance toward re-conceptualizing the problem from a psychology-informed framework, rather than from functional sociological discourse. Issues in examining IPV, with consideration of typologies, male victimization, and female perpetration, are discussed. Reporting, outcomes, revictimization, and perceptions of male victims and female perpetrators are addressed. An argument is offered for increased focus on psychological science, including theory and data from clinical, couple, and family systems disciplines, in addressing partner violence. A framework is provided for integrated, effective, and accurate approaches to IPV in discourse, policy, and service.


Gender symmetry Intimate partner violence IPV Male victims Female perpetration Revictimization Public perception Batterer treatment 


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Concordia University IrvineIrvineUSA
  2. 2.The Chicago School of Professional PsychologyLos AngelesUSA

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