Journal of Family Violence

, Volume 31, Issue 5, pp 567–579 | Cite as

Pregnancy and Intimate Partner Violence in Canada: a Comparison of Victims Who Were and Were Not Abused During Pregnancy

  • Tamara L. Taillieu
  • Douglas A. Brownridge
  • Kimberly A. Tyler
  • Ko Ling Chan
  • Agnes Tiwari
  • Susy C. Santos
Original Article


The purpose of this study was to examine risk factors, indicators of severity, and differences in post-violence health effects for victims who experienced intimate partner violence (IPV) during pregnancy compared to victims who experienced IPV outside the pregnancy period. Data were from Statistics Canada’s 2009 General Social Survey. Among IPV victims, 10.5 % experienced physical and/or sexual violence during pregnancy. Victims who had experienced violence during pregnancy were more likely than victims who were not abused during pregnancy to experience both less severe and more severe forms of violence. In fully adjusted models, younger age, separated or divorced marital status, as well as partners’ patriarchal domination, destruction of property, and drinking were significant predictors of pregnancy violence. Measures indicative of more severe violence and of a number of adverse post-violence health effects were significantly elevated among victims who experienced pregnancy violence relative to victims who were not abused during pregnancy. Implications of these findings are discussed.


Pregnancy Intimate partner violence Risk factors Severity Health effects 



This research was supported by funds to the Canadian Research Data Centre Network (CRDCN) from the Social Science and Humanities research Council (SSHRC), the Canadian Institute for Health Research (CIHR), the Canadian Foundation for Innovation (CFI) and Statistics Canada (D. Brownridge), and a by University of Manitoba Graduate Fellowship and a Manitoba Graduate Scholarship (T. Taillieu).

Although the research and analysis are based on data from Statistics Canada, the opinions expressed do not represent the views of Statistics Canada or the Canadian Research Data Centre Network (CRDCN).


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  • Tamara L. Taillieu
    • 1
  • Douglas A. Brownridge
    • 2
  • Kimberly A. Tyler
    • 3
  • Ko Ling Chan
    • 4
  • Agnes Tiwari
    • 5
  • Susy C. Santos
    • 6
  1. 1.Applied Health Sciences ProgramUniversity of ManitobaWinnipegCanada
  2. 2.Department of Community Health SciencesUniversity of ManitobaWinnipegCanada
  3. 3.Department of SociologyUniversity of Nebraska-LincolnLincolnUSA
  4. 4.Department of Social Work and Social AdministrationUniversity of Hong KongPok Fu LamHong Kong
  5. 5.School of NursingUniversity of Hong KongPok Fu LamHong Kong
  6. 6.Clinical Institute of Applied ResearchVictoria General HospitalWinnipegCanada

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