Gender Equality, Liberalism and Attitude Toward Prostitution: Variation in Cross-National Study
- 5.7k Downloads
The current study tested the relationship between attitudes toward gender equality and attitudes toward prostitution by employing an international sample of 48,630 subjects in 54 countries from the fifth wave (2005–2007) of the World Values Survey. Unlike previous studies, the current mixed level logistic regression results found no fixed effect between an individual’s gender equality attitude and attitude toward prostitution. However, the findings on other variables suggested that liberals are more likely to have a somewhat more favorable attitude toward prostitution than conservatives. Those who hold a higher social status, who are less religious, and who do not have a strong belief in marriage are more likely to have a somewhat favorable attitude toward prostitution.
KeywordsProstitution Gender equality Public opinion on prostitution Global perspective on prostitution Religiosity and prostitution attitude
- Association of Religion Data Archives. (2013). World values survey, aggregate data. Retrieved from http://www.thearda.com/Archive/Files/Descriptions/WVSAGG.asp.
- Central Intelligence Agency. (2005). WorldFactbook. Retrieved from http://www.odcj.gov/cia/publications/factbook/index.html.
- Cotton, A., Farley, M., & Baron, R. (2002). Attitudes toward prostitution and acceptance of rape myths. Journal of Applied Social Psychology, 32, 1790–1796. Retrieved from http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/journal/10.1111/(ISSN)1559-1816.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
- Coy, M., Walkeling, J., & Garner, M. (2011). Selling sex sells: representations of prostitution and the sex industry in sexualized popular culture as symbolic violence. Women’s Studies International Forum, 34, 441–448. doi: 10.1016/j.wsif.2011.05.008
- European Values Study Group and World Values Survey Association. (2005). European and world values surveys integrated data file, 1999–2002, release 1 (2nd ed.). Ann Arbor, MI: Inter-university Consortium For Political and Social Research. Data file.Google Scholar
- Gujarati, D. N., & Porter, D. C. (2009). Basic econometrics. New York: McGraw-Hill.Google Scholar
- Jeness, V. (1993). Making it work: the prostitutes’ rights movement in perspective. New York: Aldine De Gruyter.Google Scholar
- Limoncelli, S. A. (2009). The trouble with trafficking: Conceptualizing women’s sexual labor and economic human rights. Women’s Studies International Forum, 32, 261–269.Google Scholar
- Luke, D. A. (2004). Multilevel modeling. Thousand Oaks: Sage Publication.Google Scholar
- Rubin, G. (1993). Thinking sex: notes for a radical theory of the politics of sexuality. In H. Abelove, M. A. Barale, & D. Halperin (Eds.), The lesbian and gay studies reader. London, UK: Rutledge.Google Scholar
- Strøm, A. (2009). A glimpse into 30 years of struggle against prostitution by the women’s liberation movement in Norway. Reproductive Health Matters, 17, 29–37. Retrieved from http://www.rhmjournal.org.uk.
- The United Nations Development Program. (2002). Human development report. The United Nations Development Program, Retrieved from http://www.undo.org.
- World Value Survey Association. (2013). World value survey-surveys. Retrieved from http://www.worldvaluessurvey.org/index_surveys.