Journal of Family Violence

, Volume 29, Issue 8, pp 839–847 | Cite as

Work-Family Conflict and Intimate Partner Violence in the South Korean Military: Mediating Role of Aggression and Buffering Effect of a Counseling Resource

Factors Related to Perpetration of Intimate Partner Violence


The objective of the current study was to identify the relationship between work-family conflict (WFC) and intimate partner violence (IPV) among military personnel, and verify the mediating role of aggression and buffering effect of a counseling resource. A total of 293 married Korean Air Force personnel were surveyed using a self-administered questionnaire; their responses were analyzed with a structural equation model. The major findings were that 36.9 % of respondents have perpetrated IPV, the prevalence of verbal violence was 33.4 % and physical violence was 16.0 %. Aggression mediated the important part of the association between WFC and IPV. Also, presence of a counseling resource attenuated the relationship between WFC and aggression. The findings suggest that it is necessary for the military to build a personnel counseling system to prevent spouse abuse, develop professional counseling services, and accurately identify aggression tendencies among military personnel.


Spousal ill-treatment Role conflict Aggressiveness Armed forces Emotional support Structural equation model 


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  • Jung Youl Seo
    • 1
  • Donald A. Lloyd
    • 2
  • Seok In Nam
    • 1
  1. 1.School of Social WelfareYonsei UniversitySeoulSouth Korea
  2. 2.Edward R. Roybal Institute on Aging, School of Social WorkUniversity of Southern CaliforniaLos AngelesUSA

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