A Two-Way Street for Alcohol Use and Partner Violence: Who’s Driving It?
Using lifetime data from two waves of the National Epidemiologic Surveys on Alcohol and Related Conditions, this study sought to examine sex- and race-specific risks in the temporal relationship between adult onset severe physical intimate partner violence (IPV) victimization and alcohol misuse (binge drinking) and alcohol use disorders (abuse and dependence) and whether or not childhood trauma moderated these relationships among U.S. non-Hispanic White and Black women and men. IPV predicted most alcohol outcomes among White and Black women and White men. Conversely, binge drinking among White and Black women and alcohol abuse among Black women and men predicted IPV. Childhood trauma moderated the relationship between IPV and alcohol misuse mainly among Black respondents, with an increased risk of either outcome among those without childhood trauma. These findings suggest a reciprocal relationship between IPV victimization and alcohol misuse, with implications for sex- and race-specific prevention and intervention efforts.
KeywordsIntimate partner violence Race Sex Alcohol use
This study was funded by ABMRF/The Alcohol Research Foundation.
- Afifi, T. O., Macmillan, H., Cox, B. J., Asmundson, G. J., Stein, M. B., & Sareen, J. (2009). Mental health correlates of intimate partner violence in marital relationships in a nationally representative sample of males and females. Journal of Interpersonal Violence, 24(8), 1398–1417.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
- Amaro, H., Dai, J., Arevalo, S., Acevedo, A., Matsumoto, A., Nieves, R., & Prado, G. (2007). Effects of integrated trauma treatment on outcomes in a racially/ethnically diverse sample of women in urban community-based substance abuse treatment. Journal of Urban Health, 84(4), 508–522.PubMedCentralPubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
- Black, M. C., Basile, K. C., Breiding, M. J., Smith, S. G., Walters, M. L., Merrick, M. T., et al. (2011). The National Intimate Partner and Sexual Violence Survey (NISVS): 2010 summary report. Atlanta: National Center for Injury Prevention and Control, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.Google Scholar
- Blanco, C., Xu, Y., Brady, K., Perez-Fuentes, G., Okuda, M., & Wang, S. (2013). Comorbidity of posttraumatic stress disorder with alcohol dependence among US adults: results from National Epidemiological Survey on Alcohol and Related Conditions. Drug and Alcohol Dependence. doi: 10.1016/j.drugalcdep.2013.04.016.Google Scholar
- Cazenave, N. A., & Straus, M. A. (1990). Race, class, network embeddedness, and family violence: a search for potent support systems. In M. Straus & R. Gelles (Eds.), Physical violence in American families: Risk factors and adaptations to violence in 8,145 families (pp. 322–337). New Brunswick: Transaction Publishers.Google Scholar
- Grant, B. F., & Dawson, D. A. (2006). Introduction to the National Epidemiologic Survey on Alcohol and Related Conditions. Alcohol Research and Health, 29(2), 74–78.Google Scholar
- Grant, B. F., Dawson, D. A., Stinson, F. S., Chou, P. S., Kay, W., & Pickering, R. (2003). The Alcohol Use Disorder and Associated Disabilities Interview Schedule-IV (AUDADIS-IV): reliability of alcohol consumption, tobacco use, family history of depression and psychiatric diagnostic modules in a general population sample. Drug and Alcohol Dependence, 71(1), 7–16.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
- Hasin, D. S., Stinson, F. S., Ogburn, E., & Grant, B. F. (2007). Prevalence, correlates, disability, and comorbidity of DSM-IV alcohol abuse and dependence in the United States: results from the National Epidemiologic Survey on Alcohol and Related Conditions. Archives of General Psychiatry, 64(7), 830–842.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
- Hien, D. A., Campbell, A. N., Ruglass, L. M., Hu, M. C., & Killeen, T. (2010). The role of alcohol misuse in PTSD outcomes for women in community treatment: a secondary analysis of NIDA’s Women and Trauma Study. Drug and Alcohol Dependence, 111(1–2), 114–119.PubMedCentralPubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
- McKinney, C. M., Caetano, R., Ramisetty-Mikler, S., & Nelson, S. (2009a). Childhood family violence and perpetration and victimization of intimate partner violence: findings from a national population-based study of couples. Annals of Epidemiology, 19(1), 25–32.PubMedCentralPubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
- Ouimette, P. C., Ahrens, C., Moos, R. H., & Finney, J. W. (1998). During treatment changes in substance abuse patients with posttraumatic stress disorder. The influence of specific interventions and program environments. Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment, 15(6), 555–564.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
- Ruan, W. J., Goldstein, R. B., Chou, S. P., Smith, S. M., Saha, T. D., Pickering, R. P., et al. (2008). The alcohol use disorder and associated disabilities interview schedule-IV (AUDADIS-IV): reliability of new psychiatric diagnostic modules and risk factors in a general population sample. Drug and Alcohol Dependence, 92(1–3), 27–36.PubMedCentralPubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
- Smith, S. M., Stinson, F. S., Dawson, D. A., Goldstein, R., Huang, B., & Grant, B. F. (2006). Race/ethnic differences in the prevalence and co-occurrence of substance use disorders and independent mood and anxiety disorders: results from the National Epidemiologic Survey on Alcohol and Related Conditions. Psychological Medicine, 36(7), 987–998.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
- Straus, M. A., & Gelles, R. J. (1990). Physical violence in American families: Risk factors and adaptations to violence in 8,145 families. New Brunswick: Transaction Publishers.Google Scholar
- Straus, M. A., & Smith, C. (1990). Violence in Hispanic families in the United States: incidence rates and structural interpretations. In M. A. Straus & R. J. Gelles (Eds.), Physical violence in American families: Risk factors and adaptations to violence in 8,145 families. New Brunswick: Transaction Publishers.Google Scholar
- Tjaden, P., & Thoennes, N. (2000). Extent, nature, and consequences of intimate partner violence: Findings from the national violence against women survey. Washington, DC: U.S. Department of Justice, National Institute of Justice.Google Scholar