Kerala is one of the most progressive states in India in terms of women’s opportunities for higher education and employment. Despite these advancements in gender equality, intimate partner violence (IPV) against women remains high, with some studies finding increased rates of IPV in Kerala relative to other states. This study examines contributing factors to male-to-female IPV in Kerala. One hundred and thirty-four men were surveyed on perceived marital power, early exposure to violence, drinking habits, depression, and marital satisfaction in relation to current IPV. Forty percent of participants reported incidents of IPV in the past year. Batterers scored significantly higher on childhood abuse, drinking, depression, and marital dissatisfaction. These four predictor variables were all significantly correlated with male-to-female IPV, but perceived marital power was only partially correlated with IPV. Abuse in childhood emerged as the strongest predictor of current IPV. Implications and suggestions for further research are discussed.
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Please see Methods section for a full description of the Conflict Tactics Scales.
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Jin, X., Doukas, A., Beiting, M. et al. Factors Contributing to Intimate Partner Violence among Men in Kerala, India. J Fam Viol 29, 643–652 (2014). https://doi.org/10.1007/s10896-014-9623-4
- Intimate partner violence
- Childhood abuse
- Marital satisfaction