Journal of Family Violence

, Volume 23, Issue 6, pp 413–427 | Cite as

Quality of Maternal Parenting among Intimate-Partner Violence Victims Involved with the Child Welfare System

  • Cecilia Casanueva
  • Sandra L. Martin
  • Desmond K. Runyan
  • Richard P. Barth
  • Robert H. Bradley
Original Article


Children are overrepresented in households with intimate-partner violence (IPV), and many suffer the double burden of being the subject of maltreatment and bearing the consequences of abuse to their mothers. Despite this situation, little information exists concerning parenting by women who have been abused by an intimate partner. We examine the relationship between women’s experiences with IPV and the quality of maternal parenting using data from the National Survey of Child and Adolescent Well-Being. The sample consisted of 1,943 female caregivers of children younger than 10 years investigated for child maltreatment. Women who had experienced IPV in the past but were no longer victims of IPV had significantly better parenting scores than women who were currently experiencing IPV, when other risk factors were controlled. This study adds to the evidence that IPV does not necessarily impair maternal parenting. Women abused by an intimate partner deserve a thorough assessment of what services they need: parenting services should be offered as warranted on a case-by-case evaluation of the particular woman’s parenting skills.


Parenting behaviors Intimate partner violence National study Child abuse and neglect 



Support for the study comes from a Royster doctoral fellowship and from RTI International to the first author. Conclusions do not necessarily represent those of the Administration of Children and Families of the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services or of the Royster Society of Fellows, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. We would like to express thanks for the expert editorial assistance provided by Jenny Jennings Foerst.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2008

Authors and Affiliations

  • Cecilia Casanueva
    • 1
  • Sandra L. Martin
    • 2
  • Desmond K. Runyan
    • 3
  • Richard P. Barth
    • 4
  • Robert H. Bradley
    • 5
  1. 1.Health and Well-Being of Women, Children and FamiliesRTI InternationalChapel HillUSA
  2. 2.Department of Maternal and Child Health, School of Public HealthUniversity of North Carolina at Chapel HillChapel HillUSA
  3. 3.Department of Social Medicine and Pediatrics, School of MedicineUniversity of North Carolina at Chapel HillChapel HillUSA
  4. 4.School of Social WorkUniversity of MarylandBaltimoreUSA
  5. 5.Center for Applied Studies in EducationUniversity of Arkansas at Little RockLittle RockUSA

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