Journal of Family Violence

, Volume 21, Issue 6, pp 369–380 | Cite as

Patterns of Intimate Partner Violence Among Married Women in the Military: Type, Level, Directionality and Consequences

Original Article


While separate evidence exists that married military women have high rates of both intimate partner violence victimization and aggression, little is known about the context of this violence, including the extent to which the violence committed toward and by military women is physical, psychological or sexual, whether the violence is unilateral or bi-directional, and the extent of injury sustained or inflicted. In order to gain a more multi-dimensional understanding of the violence in the lives of military women, this study involved 248 enlisted females who completed a self-report survey about themselves and their spouses’ behavior. Results indicate that the majority of violence reported was bi-directional and symmetrical in terms of type and level of severity. However, enlisted females were more than three times as likely to be victims of unilateral severe violence as their male civilian spouses. Demographic factors associated with these patterns of violence were also identified.


Military women Enlisted females Spouse abuse Domestic violence Intimate partner violence Bi-directional violence Unilateral violence 


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, Inc. 2006

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Graduate School of Social ServiceFordham UniversityNew YorkUSA

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