Journal of Fluorescence

, Volume 25, Issue 4, pp 1023–1029 | Cite as

A Novel Coumarin-Based Fluorescent Probe for the Detection of Hydrazine Both in Aqueous Solution and Vapor State

  • Yu-Hao Xiao
  • Gang Xi
  • Xuan-Xuan Zhao
  • Shuai Zhou
  • Ze-Quan Zhou
  • Bao-Xiang Zhao


A novel coumarin-based fluorescent probe CF was synthesized for the detection of hydrazine both in aqueous solution and vapor state with high sensitivity and selectivity. Upon addition of hydrazine, the solution of probe CF in MeCN-H2O (3/7, v/v, buffered CH3COOH/CH3COONa) at pH 5.0 exhibited a remarkable change in emission color from pale green to light blue, which could be recognized with naked eyes. Applied in weak acid condition, probe CF could detect hydrazine selectively with large amount of unknown environments according to the competing tests. Besides, with the limit of detection 8.32 ppb (2.6 × 10−7 M), probe CF could well meet the request (10 ppb) of the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA).


Coumarin Fluorescent probe Hydrazine Aqueous solution Vapour state 



This study is supported Foundation of Talent Training of Fundamental Subject of China (Grant No:J1103314).

Supplementary material

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ESM 1 (DOCX 1557 kb)


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  • Yu-Hao Xiao
    • 1
  • Gang Xi
    • 1
  • Xuan-Xuan Zhao
    • 1
  • Shuai Zhou
    • 1
  • Ze-Quan Zhou
    • 1
  • Bao-Xiang Zhao
    • 1
  1. 1.Institute of Organic Chemistry, School of Chemistry and Chemical EngineeringShandong UniversityJinanPeople’s Republic of China

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