Three new selective anion receptors containing the (thio)urea binding sites were developed, Indole-3-formaldehyde phenyl-semithiocarbazone, Indole-3-formaldehyde nitrophenyl-semithiocarbazone, and Indole-3-formaldehyde nitrophenyl-semicarbazone, nominated as receptors 1, 2 and 3, respectively. Receptor 1 shows high selective recognition for F− only, while both receptor 2 and receptor 3 containing a p-nitro group show high selective recognition for AcO−. The high selective recognition of these receptors to anions is further investigated by X-ray crystallography diffraction, UV-vis, fluorescence analyses and 1H NMR. Furthermore, receptor 2 changes from yellow to orange, and receptor 3 darkens when acetate is added, providing a way of detection by ‘naked-eye’.
Fluoride ion Acetate Anion recognition Colorimetric Naked-eye
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This project was supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (20371028, 20671052).