Synthesis and Spectroscopic Study of Several Novel Annulated Azulene and Azafluoranthene Based Derivatives
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A series of cyclized five-membered annulated azafluoranthene (AAF) and seven-membered annulated azulene (AA) derivatives have been synthesized and characterized by spectroscopic methods. The optical absorption and fluorescence spectra have been recorded in organic solvents of different polarity and analyzed within the semiempirical quantum chemical model PM3. In combination with the molecular dynamics simulations it properly reproduces the overall shape of the measured absorption spectra of both AA and AAF dyes including the strongest band in the region of 250–300 nm and the broad first absorption band above 400 nm. While the solvent polarity rises all the dyes exhibit the hypsochromic shift of the first absorption band and the bathochromic shift of the fluorescence band. Such opposite solvatochromic trends appear to be consistent with the Lippert–Mataga solvatochromic model. Compared to AA compounds, both AAF dyes reveal much stronger solvatochromic shift and broadening of the fluorescence band likewise the relative decrease in quantum yield on rising solvent polarity what may be an evidence for the intramolecular charge transfer mechanism being involved into the fluorescence emission. Depending on solvent polarity AA and AAF dyes emit light in the green–yellow range of the visible spectra what may be of interest for potential luminescent or electroluminescent applications.
KeywordsAnnulated azafluoranthenes Annulated azulenes Optical absorption spectra Fluorescence spectra
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