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Journal of Fusion Energy

, Volume 34, Issue 3, pp 636–641 | Cite as

Neutron Production Cross-Section and Geant4 Calculations of the Structural Fusion Material 59Co for (α,xn) and (γ,xn) Reactions

  • B. Demir
  • A. Kaplan
  • V. Çapalı
  • H. Özdoğan
  • İ. H. Sarpün
  • A. Aydın
  • E. Tel
Original Research

Abstract

Recent advances in technology and computer sciences give us simplicity to investigate phenomena of nuclear physics. Scientists have improved various nuclear reaction codes such as Talys, Alice/ASH, Cem95, Empire, Geant4 and Fluka. These programs give us chance to calculate crucial quantity like reaction cross-section, energy spectrum of out-going particles, stopping power and penetrating distances in target material. The stopping power of alpha in 59Co material is acquired as it has helpful applications of shielding and choosing the proper thickness of the target. Evaluation of the reaction cross-section data is very important to various applications such as improvement structural material, reactor design and radioisotopes production. In this study, we calculated the neutron production cross-sections of 59Co using TALYS 1.6 and EMPIRE 3.1 codes for different level density models. Penetrating distances and stopping powers have been calculated for the alpha particles taking into consideration all possible reactions in 59Co using GEANT4 simulation program. The obtained (α,xn) and (γ,xn) reactions (x = 1, 2, 3) cross-section values have been compared with the each other and against the experimental nuclear reaction data existing in EXFOR database.

Keywords

Neutron production cross-section Level density models GEANT4 Stopping power Cobalt 

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  • B. Demir
    • 1
  • A. Kaplan
    • 2
  • V. Çapalı
    • 2
  • H. Özdoğan
    • 2
    • 3
  • İ. H. Sarpün
    • 4
  • A. Aydın
    • 5
  • E. Tel
    • 6
  1. 1.Physics Department, Science Facultyİstanbul UniversityIstanbulTurkey
  2. 2.Physics Department, Arts and Sciences FacultySüleyman Demirel UniversityIspartaTurkey
  3. 3.Department of Biophysics, Faculty of MedicineAkdeniz UniversityAntalyaTurkey
  4. 4.Physics Department, Arts and Sciences FacultyAfyon Kocatepe UniversityAfyonkarahisarTurkey
  5. 5.Physics Department, Arts and Sciences FacultyKırıkkale UniversityKirikkaleTurkey
  6. 6.Physics Department, Arts and Sciences FacultyOsmaniye Korkut Ata UniversityOsmaniyeTurkey

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