Intraspecies Variation in the Kanzawa Spider Mite Differentially Affects Induced Defensive Response in Lima Bean Plants
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The Kanzawa spider mite, Tetranychus kanzawai, is a polyphagous herbivore that feeds on various plant families, including the Leguminacae. Scars made by the mite on lima bean leaves (Phaseolus lunatus) were classified into two types: white and red. We obtained two strains of mites—“White” and “Red”—by selecting individual mites based on the color of the scars. Damage made by the Red strain induced the expression of genes for both basic chitinase, which was downstream of the jasmonic acid (JA) signaling pathway, and acidic chitinase, which was downstream of the salicylic acid (SA) signaling pathway. White strain mites also induced the expression of the basic chitinase gene in infested leaves but they only slightly induced the acidic chitinase gene. The Red genotype was dominant over the White for the induction of the acidic chitinase gene. The amount of endogenous salicylates in leaves increased significantly when infested by Red strain mites but did not increase when infested by White strain mites. JA and SA are known to be involved in the production of lima bean leaf volatiles induced by T. urticae. The blend of volatiles emitted from leaves infested by the Red strain were qualitatively different from those infested by the White strain, suggesting that the SA and JA signaling pathways are differently involved in the production of lima bean leaf volatiles induced by T. kanzawai of different strains.
KeywordsTetranychus kanzawai Phaseolus lunatus Induced indirect defense Jasmonic acid Salicylic acid Herbivore-induced plant volatiles (HIPVs)
We thank Syuichi Yano for the helpful discussion to RM. This study was supported by CREST of JST (Japan Science and Technology Corporation) and by a postdoctoral fellowship to R.M. from Japan Society for the Promotion of Science (16000439-00).
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