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Journal of Chemical Ecology

, Volume 31, Issue 6, pp 1415–1427 | Cite as

Sex Attractant Pheromone from the Neotropical Red-Shouldered Stink Bug, Thyanta perditor (F.)

  • Maria C. B. Moraes
  • Jocelyn G. Millar
  • Raul A. Laumann
  • Edison R. Sujii
  • Carmen S. S. Pires
  • Miguel Borges
Article

Abstract

Olfactometer bioassays showed that odors from mature Thyanta perditor males attracted females but not males. Furthermore, odors from females did not attract either sex, indicating that like other phytophagous pentatomid bugs, the males produce a sex pheromone. Attraction appeared to peak in late afternoon to evening. The headspace volatiles collected from male and female T. perditor were analyzed by GC-MS and HPLC. A male-specific compound, methyl (2E,4Z,6Z)-decatrienoate (2E,4Z,6Z-10:COOMe), was identified along with a number of other compounds found in extracts from both sexes. Bioassays carried out with 2E,4Z,6Z-10:COOMe showed it was as attractive to females as the crude extract of male volatiles, suggesting that the male-produced sex pheromone consists of 2E,4Z,6Z-10:COOMe as a single component. Consecutive volatiles collections from males showed that 2E,4Z,6Z-10:COOMe began appearing in extracts from males about 9 d after the final molt, as the males became sexually mature.

Key Words

Sex pheromone methyl (2E,4Z,6Z)-decatrienoate defensive compounds 

Notes

Acknowledgments

We thank Hélio Santos, Diva Tiburcio, and Josiane de Souza Rodrigues for helping with field collection and laboratory rearing of the insects. This work received financial support from CNPQ and EMBRAPA. We also thank Peter W. Inglis (visiting scientist at Embrapa Genetic Resources and Biotechnology) for reviewing the manuscript.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science + Business Media, Inc. 2005

Authors and Affiliations

  • Maria C. B. Moraes
    • 1
  • Jocelyn G. Millar
    • 2
  • Raul A. Laumann
    • 1
  • Edison R. Sujii
    • 1
  • Carmen S. S. Pires
    • 1
  • Miguel Borges
    • 1
  1. 1.Embrapa Recursos Genéticos e BiotecnologíaBrasíliaBrazil
  2. 2.Department of EntomologyUniversity of CaliforniaRiversideUSA

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