Advertisement

The Relationship Between Adaptive Behavior and Specific Toileting Problems According to the Profile on Toileting Issues (POTI)

  • Brian Belva
  • Johnny L. Matson
  • Alyse Barker
  • Mary E. Shoemaker
  • Sara Mahan
Original Article

Abstract

Toileting problems in people with intellectual disabilities are common but have rarely been studied. Recently, the Profile on Toileting Issues (POTI) was developed as a standalone measure to evaluate these problems. The POTI has established psychometrics. Research on interface between toileting problems in persons with intellectual disability and adaptive functioning is lacking. Eighty adults from two developmental centers were assessed to establish relationships between these skills. Greater toileting problems were strongly associated with greater deficits in adaptive skills. The implications of these findings are discussed.

Keywords

POTI Intellectual disabilities Toileting Adaptive behavior 

References

  1. Ashworth, M., Hirdes, J. P., & Martin, L. (2009). The social and recreational of adults with intellectual disability and pica in institutions. Research in Developmental Disabilities, 30, 503–511.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Bamburg, J. W., Cherry, K. E., Matson, J. L., & Penn, D. (2001). Assessment of Schizophrenia in persons with severe and profound mental retardation using the Diagnostic Assessment for the Severely Handicapped-II (DASH-II). Journal of Developmental and Physical Disabilities, 13, 319–331.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Chase, J. W., Homsy, Y., Siggaard, C., Sit, F., & Bower, W. F. (2004). Functional constipation in children. The Journal of Urology, 171, 2641–2643.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Cherry, K. E., Penn, D., Matson, J. L., & Bamburg, J. W. (2000). Characteristics of schizophrenia among persons with severe or profound mental retardation. Psychiatric Services, 51, 922–924.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Coe, D. A., Matson, J. L., Russell, D. W., Slifer, K. J., Capone, G. T., Baglio, C., et al. (1999). Behavior problems of children with Down Syndrome and life events. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disabilities, 29, 149–156.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Dawson, J. E., Matson, J. L., & Cherry, K. E. (1998). An anaylsis of maladaptive behaviors in persons with autism, PDD-NOS, and mental retardation. Research in Developmental Disabilities, 19, 439–448.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Duran, E. (1985). Teaching janitorial skills to autistic adolescents. Adolescence, 20, 225–232.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  8. Faul, F., Erdfelder, E., Lang, A. G., & Buchner, A. (2007). G*Power 3: a flexible statistical power analysis program for the social, behavioral, and biomedical sciences. Behavior Research Methods, 39, 175–191.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Faul, F., Erdfelder, E., Buchner, A., & Lang, A. G. (2009). Statistical power analyses using G*Power 3.1: tests for correlation and regression analyses. Behavior Research Methods, 41, 1149–1160.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Field, A. (2009). Discovering statistics using SPSS (3rd ed.). Thousand Oaks: SAGE Publications Inc.Google Scholar
  11. Goldberg, M. R., Dill, C. A., Shin, J. Y., & Nhan, N. V. (2009). Reliability and validity of the Vietnamese Vineland Adaptive Behavior Scales with preschool-age children. Research in Developmental Disabilities, 30, 592–602.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Kroeger, K. A., & Sorensen-Burnworth, R. (2009). Toilet training individuals with autism and other developmental disabilities: a critical review. Research in Autism Spectrum Disorders, 3, 607–618.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. La Malfa, G., Lassi, S., Bertelli, M., Albertini, G., & Dosen, A. (2009). Emotional development and adaptive abilities in adults with intellectual disability. A correlation study between the Scheme of Appraisal of Emotional Development (SAED) and Vineland Adaptive Behavior Scale (VABS). Research in Developmental Disabilities, 30, 1406–1412.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. LeBlanc, L. A., Matson, J. L., Cherry, K. E., & Bamburg, J. W. (1999). An examination of the convergent validity of the Matson Evaluation of Social Skills for Individuals with Severe Retardation (MESSIER) with sociometric ranking. British Journal of Developmental Disabilties, 45, 85–91.Google Scholar
  15. Lotan, M., Moe-Nilssen, R., Ljunggren, A. E., & Strand, L. I. (2009). Reliability of the Non-Communicating Adult Pain Checklist (NCAPC), assessed by different groups of health workers. Research in Developmental Disabilities, 30, 735–745.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Marshall, J., Sheller, B., Williams, B. J., Manul, L., & Cowan, C. (2007). Cooperation predictors for dental patients with autism. Pediatric Dentistry, 29, 369–376.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  17. Matson, J. L., & Kuhn, D. E. (2001). Identifying feeding problems in mentally retarded person: developmental and reliability of the Screening Tool of Feeding Problems (STEP). Research in Developmental Disabilities, 22, 165–172.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Matson, J. L., & Lovullo, T. V. (2009). Encopresis, soiling and constipation in children and adults with developmental disability. Research in Developmental Disabilities, 30, 799–807.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Matson, J. L., Bamburg, J. W., Cherry, K. E., & Paclawskyj, T. P. (1999). A validity study on the Questions About Behavioral Function (QABF) scale: predicting treatment success for self-injury, aggression, and stereotypies. Research in Developmental Disabilties, 20, 163–176.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Matson, J. L., Simraldo, B. B., & Bamburg, J. W. (1998). The relationship of social skills to psychopathology for individuals with severe or profound mental retardation. Journal of Intellectual and Developmental Disabilties, 23, 137–145.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Matson, J. L., Rush, K. S., Hamilton, M., Anderson, S. J., Bamburg, J. W., Baglio, C. S., et al. (1999). Characteristics of depression as assessed by the Diagnostic Assessment for Severely Handicapped-II (DASH-II). Research in Developmental Disabilties, 20, 305–313.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. Matson, J. L., Anderson, S. J., & Bamburg, J. W. (2000). The relationship of social skills to psychopathology for individuals with mild and moderate mental retardation. British Journal of Developmental Disabilities, 46, 15–22.Google Scholar
  23. Matson, J. L., Mayville, S. B., Kuhn, D. E., Sturmey, P., Laud, R., & Cooper, C. (2005). The behavioral function of feeding problems as assessed by the Questions About Behavioral Function (QABF). Research in Developmental Disabilities, 26, 399–408.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. Matson, J. L., Dempsey, T., & LoVullo, T. V. (2009). Characteristics of social skills for adults with intellectual disability, autism and PDD-NOS. Research in Autism Spectrum Disorders, 3, 207–213.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. Matson, J. L., Dempsey, T., & Fodstad, J. C. (2010). The Profile of Toileting Issues (POTI). Baton Rouge: Disability Consultants, LLC.Google Scholar
  26. Matson, J. L., Neal, D., Hess, J. A., & Kozlowski, A. M. (2011). Assessment of toileting difficulties in adults with intellectual disabilities: an examination using the profile of toileting issues (POTI). Research in Developmental Disabilities, 32, 176–179.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. Matson, J. L., Horovitz, M., & Sipes, M. (in press). Characteristics of individuals with toileting problems and intellectual disability using the Profile of Toileting Issues (POTI). Journal of Mental Health Research in Intellectual Disabilities. Google Scholar
  28. Schum, T. R., Kolb, T. M., McAuliffe, T. L., Simms, M. D., Underhill, R. L., & Lewis, M. (2002). Sequential acquisition of toilet-training skills: a descriptive study of gender and age differences in normal children. Pediatrics, 109, 48.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. Smith, D. R. M., & Matson, J. L. (2010). Behavior problems: differences among intellectually disabled adults with co-morbid autism spectrum disorders and epilepsy. Research in Developmental Disabilties, 31, 1062–1069.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. Soenen, S., Berckelaer-Onnes, I., & Scholte, E. (2009). Patterns of intellectual, adaptive, and behavioral functioning in individuals with mild mental retardation. Research in Developmental Disabilities, 30, 433–444.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. Sparrow, S., Cicchetti, D., & Balla, D. (2005). Vineland adaptive behavior scales (2nd ed.). Circle Pines: AGS Publishing.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  • Brian Belva
    • 1
  • Johnny L. Matson
    • 1
    • 2
  • Alyse Barker
    • 1
  • Mary E. Shoemaker
    • 1
  • Sara Mahan
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of PsychologyLouisiana State UniversityBaton RougeUSA
  2. 2.Baton RougeUSA

Personalised recommendations