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The Neurocognitive Effects of Type 1 Diabetes Mellitus in Children and Young Adults With and Without Hypoglycemia

  • Priscilla A. Bade-White
  • John E. Obrzut
Review Article

Abstract

Type 1 Diabetes Mellitus is one of the most common illnesses found in children under the age of 18 as well as in young adults. Symptoms of this disease, including those with and without severe hypoglycemia, create abnormal blood glucose levels along with abnormal insulin levels. These abnormal chemical levels have been associated with neurocognitive deficits in memory, attention, motor skills, visuospatial abilities and executive functioning. In this paper, available literature on the central nervous system changes associated with the effects of insulin-dependent diabetes on school-aged children and young adults is reviewed. Implications for learning as well as a neurobiological cause of executive function deficits are discussed.

Keywords

Neuropsychological effects of diabetes Neuropsychology and diabetes in children Neuropsychology and juvenile diabetes 

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.University of ArizonaTucsonUSA

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