Evaluating Acquiescence to Yes–No Questions in Fear Assessment of Children With and Without Mental Retardation
- 95 Downloads
The study examined the acquiescence response set (ARS) to yes–no questions in fear survey assessment of 75 children with mental retardation (ages 10–13 years) and 240 children without mental retardation (ages 6–13 years). The items used to assess the ARS were 10 stimuli, as part of a fear survey, with design features that are consistent with ARS assessment recommendations made by Finlay, W. M. L., and Lyons, E. (2002, Mental Retardation 40:14–29). In contrast to findings of seminal ARS studies by Sigelman and colleagues, the main finding was that there were no significant cognitive group differences in ARS scores. Additionally, for children with mental retardation, there was no significant relationship between IQ and ARS scores (r = −.16).Implications of the study are discussed.
Key Wordsacquiescence mental retardation fear assessment
Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.
- Heal, L. W., Harner, C. J., Amado, A. R. N., and Chadsey-Rusch, J. (1992). The Lifestyle Satisfaction Scale, IDS Publishing Corporation, Worthington, OH.Google Scholar
- Heal, L. W., and Sigelman, C. K. (1995). Response bias in interviews of individuals with limited mental ability. J. Disabil. Res. 39: 331–340.Google Scholar
- Ramirez, S. Z. (1998). [Fears in youth with and without mental retardation]. Unpublished raw data.Google Scholar
- Ramirez, S. Z., and Kratochwill, T. R. (1990). Development of the Fear Survey for Children With and Without Mental Retardation. Behav. Assess. 12: 457–470.Google Scholar
- Reynolds, C. R., and Richmond, B. O. (1985). Revised Children's Manifest Anxiety Scale (RCMAS) Manual, Western Psychological Services, Los Angeles.Google Scholar
- Rosen, M., Floor, L., and Zisfein, L. (1974). Investigating the phenomenon of acquiescence in the mentally handicapped. I. Theoretical model, test development, and normative data. Br. J. Ment. Subnormality 20: 58–68.Google Scholar
- Ryall, M. R., and Dietiker, K. E. (1979). Reliability and clinical validity of the Children's Fear Survey Schedule. J. Behav. Ther. Exp. Psychiatry 9: 303–309.Google Scholar
- Senatore, V., Matson, J. L., and Kazdin, A. E. (1985). An inventory to assess psychopathology of mentally retarded adults. Am. J. Psychiatry 89: 415–421.Google Scholar
- Sigelman, C. K., Schoenrock, C. J., Winer, J. L., Spanhel, C. L., Hromas, S. G., Martin, P. W., Budd, E. C., and Bensberg, G. J. (1981). Issues in interviewing mentally retarded persons: An empirical study. In Bruininks, R. H., Meyers, C. E., Sigford, B. B., and Lakin, K. C. (eds.) Deinstitutionalization and Community Adjustment of Mentally Retarded People, American Association on Mental Deficiency, Washington, DC, pp. 114–129.Google Scholar