Use of a Braille Exchange Communication System to Improve Articulation and Acquire Mands with a Legally Blind and Developmentally Disabled Female
- 100 Downloads
This research examined the effectiveness of a Braille Exchange Communication System (BECS) on a legally blind adult with developmental disabilities to determine the effects on word articulation and acquisition of mands. The procedures used a multiple baseline design across four sets of words in a three-phase experiment. Phase one measured word articulation. Phase two measured acquisition of vocal mands. Phase three analyzed the exchange for communication component. Results for phases one and two showed that with verbal prompts and fading procedures, verbal responding increased dramatically. For phase three, using BECS was effective in improving communication exchanges through the use of physical prompting with fading procedures. An additional unique feature of having a third person score IOA data was included to ensure vocal response integrity.
Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.
- Baer, D. M., and Wolf, M. M. (1970). The entry into natural communities of reinforcement. Control Hum. Behav. 2: 319–324.Google Scholar
- Fisher, W., Piazza, C. C., Bowman, L. G., Hagopian, L. P., Owens, J. C., and Slevin, I. (1992). A comparison of two approaches for identifying reinforcers for persons with severe and profound disabilities. J. Appl. Behav. Anal. 25: 491–498.Google Scholar
- Fitzgerald, R. G., and Parkes, C. M. (1998). Blindness and loss of other sensory and cognitive functions. BMJ 316: 1160–1163.Google Scholar
- Frost, L. A., and Bondy, A. S. (1994). The Picture Exchange Communication System Training Manual, Pyramid Educational Consultants, Cherry Hill, NJ.Google Scholar
- Holbrook, M. C. (1996). Children With Visual Impairments: A Parents’ Guide, Woodbine House, MD.Google Scholar
- Kazdin, A. E. (1982). Single Case Research Designs: Methods for Clinical and Applied Settings, Oxford University Press, New York.Google Scholar
- Krantz, P. J., and McClannahan, L. E. (1998). Social interaction skills for children with autism: A script-fading procedure for beginning readers. J. Appl. Behav. Anal. 31: 191–203.Google Scholar
- Loeding, B. L., and Greenan, J. P. (1998). Reliability and validity of generalizable skills instruments for students who are deaf, blind, or visually impaired. Am. Ann. Deaf 5: 392–403.Google Scholar
- Secan, K. E., Egel, A. L., and Tilley, C. S. (1989). Acquisition, generalization, and maintenance of question-answering skills in autistic children. J. Appl. Behav. Anal. 22: 181–197.Google Scholar
- Wehman, P. (1996). Life Beyond the Classroom: Transition Strategies for Young People With Disabilities, 2nd ed., Paul H. Books, MD.Google Scholar
- Wheeler, L., and Griffin, H. C. (1997). A movement-based approach to language development in children who are deaf–blind. Am. Ann. Deaf 142, 387–390.Google Scholar