Development and Validation of the Pediatric Diabetes Routines Questionnaire for Adolescents

  • Jessica S. Pierce
  • Sara S. Jordan
  • Randolph C. Arnau


This study describes the development and psychometric evaluation of an adolescent self-report version of the Pediatric Diabetes Routines Questionnaire (PDRQ:A), a measure of diabetes-specific routines for youth with type 1 diabetes, and further validation of the parent-version (PDRQ:P) in an adolescent sample. Participants included 120 parent–adolescent dyads (ages 12–17) and an additional 24 parents who completed measures of diabetes-specific adolescent routines, general adolescent routines, diabetes self-care, and family support of youth diabetes care. The PDRQ:P/A demonstrated good internal consistency, test–retest reliability, and parent–child agreement, and adequate validity coefficients. Confirmatory factor analysis supported a one-factor model. Promising results were obtained. The PDRQ:P/A is a clinically feasible parent- and self-report measure that can provide valuable information regarding how frequently adolescents engage in their diabetes management tasks in a consistent manner. Addition of an adolescent report format will enhance the utility of the measure for clinical and research use.


Type 1 diabetes Routines Questionnaire Psychometrics Adolescents 



This research did not receive any specific grant from funding agencies in the public, commercial, or not-for-profit sectors.

Compliance with Ethical Standards

Conflict of interest

Author Jessica S. Pierce has received funding from National Institutes of Health, National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases (Grant #: 1DP3DK108198-01). Authors Sara S. Jordan and Randolph C. Arnau declare no conflicts of interest.

Ethical Approval

All procedures performed in studies involving human participants were in accordance with the ethical standards of the institutional and/or national research committee and with the 1964 Helsinki declaration and its later amendments or comparable ethical standards.

Informed Consent

Informed consent was obtained from all individual participants included in the study.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Jessica S. Pierce
    • 1
  • Sara S. Jordan
    • 2
  • Randolph C. Arnau
    • 2
  1. 1.Center for Healthcare Delivery ScienceNemours Children’s HospitalOrlandoUSA
  2. 2.Department of PsychologyUniversity of Southern MississippiHattiesburgUSA

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