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Impact of Depression and Anxiety on the Quality of Life of Constipated Patients

  • Jenna J. Albiani
  • Stacey L. Hart
  • Laura Katz
  • Julia Berian
  • Amanda Del Rosario
  • Janet Lee
  • Madhulika Varma
Article

Abstract

Constipation negatively affects quality of life (QOL), however, the specific mechanisms through which this relationship occurs are unclear. The present study examined anxiety and depression as potential mediators of the relationship between constipation severity and QOL in a sample of 142 constipated patients. Results indicated that depression symptom severity mediated the relationship between constipation severity and mental health-related QOL. For patients meeting diagnostic criteria for Major Depressive Disorder, indirect effects were observed in the relationship between constipation severity and both physical and mental health-related QOL. Anxiety did not contribute to this model. Treating depression may be useful in improving QOL in severely constipated patients, which highlights the importance of psychological screening and treatment referrals in primary care settings.

Keywords

Anxiety Constipation Depression Quality of life (QOL) 

Notes

Acknowledgements

Supported by the University of California, San Francisco Hellman Family Award for Early Career Faculty.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  • Jenna J. Albiani
    • 1
  • Stacey L. Hart
    • 1
  • Laura Katz
    • 2
  • Julia Berian
    • 3
  • Amanda Del Rosario
    • 4
  • Janet Lee
    • 5
  • Madhulika Varma
    • 6
  1. 1.Department of PsychologyRyerson UniversityTorontoCanada
  2. 2.Department of PsychologyQueen’s UniversityKingstonCanada
  3. 3.School of MedicineUniversity of ChicagoChicagoUSA
  4. 4.School of MedicineUniversity of WashingtonSeattleUSA
  5. 5.School of MedicineUniversity of California, San DiegoLa JollaUSA
  6. 6.Section of Colorectal SurgeryUniversity of California, San FranciscoSan FranciscoUSA

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