Emotional Processing Theory (EPT) and Exposure Therapy for PTSD

  • Sheila Rauch
  • Edna Foa
Original Paper


Emotional processing theory developed by E. B. Foa and M. J. Kozak (1986) has informed the conceptualization of anxiety disorders and the development of effective treatments for these disorders, including posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). This article presents a summary and update of emotional processing theory as it applies to the treatment of PTSD, data in support of this theory, and clinical examples of how the theory can be used to assist in the treatment of clients with PTSD. Common difficulties confronted during exposure therapy for PTSD, including underengagement and overengagement, are discussed in the context of emotional processing theory and suggestions for how to manage these difficulties are presented.


Exposure therapy PTSD Trauma Emotional processing 



We thank Shawn Cahill and Jonathan Huppert for their comments and suggestions on an earlier version of this manuscript.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, Inc. 2006

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Psychiatry, Center for the Treatment and Study of AnxietyUniversity of PennsylvaniaPhiladelphiaUSA

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