On the vertex characterization of single-shape partition polytopes
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Given a partition of distinct d-dimensional vectors into p parts, the partition sum of the partition is the sum of vectors in each part. The shape of the partition is a p-tuple of the size of each part. A single-shape partition polytope is the convex hull of partition sums of all partitions that have a prescribed shape. A partition is separable if the convex hull of its parts are pairwise disjoint. The separability of a partition is a necessary condition for the associated partition sum to be a vertex of the single-shape partition polytope. It is also a sufficient condition for d=1 or p=2. However, the sufficiency fails to hold for d≥3 and p≥3. In this paper, we give some geometric sufficient conditions as well as some necessary conditions of vertices in general d and p. Thus, the open case for d=2 and p≥3 is resolved.
KeywordsSum-partition problem Single-shape partition problem Partition polytope Separable partition Polytope vertex
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