The effect of low-dose dexmedetomidine on hemodynamics and anesthetic requirement during bis-spectral index-guided total intravenous anesthesia
- 407 Downloads
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effects of low-dose dexmedetomidine on hemodynamics and anesthetic requirements during propofol and remifentanil anesthesia for laparoscopic cholecystectomy. Thirty adult patients were randomly allocated to receive dexmedetomidine infusion of 0.3 μg/kg/h (dexmedetomidine group, n = 15) or comparable volumes of saline infusion (control group, n = 15). Target controlled infusion of propofol and remifentanil was used for anesthetic induction and maintenance, and adjusted in order to maintain a bispectral index of 40–55 and hemodynamic stability. We measured hemodynamics and recorded total and mean infused dosages of propofol and remifentanil. For anesthesia induction and maintenance, mean infused doses of propofol (121 ± 27 vs. 144 ± 29 μg/kg/min, P = 0.04) and remifentanil (118 ± 27 vs. 150 ± 36 ng/kg/min, P = 0.01) were lower in the dexmedetomidine group than in the control group, respectively. The dexmedetomidine group required 16 % less propofol and 23 % less remifentanil. During anesthetic induction and maintenance, the dexmedetomidine group required fewer total doses of propofol (9.6 ± 2.3 vs. 12.4 ± 3.3 mg/kg, P = 0.01) and remifentanil (9.6 ± 3.4 vs. 12.7 ± 2.6 μg/kg, P = 0.01). The change in mean arterial pressure over time differed between the groups (P < 0.05). Significantly lower mean arterial pressure was observed in the dexmedetomidine group than in the control group at immediately and 5 min after pneumoperitoneum. The time to extubation after completion of drug administration did not differ between the groups (P = 0.25). This study demonstrated that a low-dose dexmedetomidine infusion of 0.3 μg/kg/h reduced propofol and remifentanil requirements as well as hemodynamic change by pneumoperitoneum without delayed recovery during propofol-remifentanil anesthesia for laparoscopic cholecystectomy.
KeywordsAnesthetic requirement Dexmedetomidine Hemodynamics Propofol Remifentanil
Compliance with Ethical Standards
Conflict of interest
No conflicts of interest, financial of otherwise, are declared by the authors.
- 5.Le Guen M, Liu N, Tounou F, Augé M, Tuil O, Chazot T, Dardelle D, Laloë PA, Bonnet F, Sessler DI, Fischler M. Dexmedetomidine reduces propofol and remifentanil requirements during bispectral index-guided closed-loop anesthesia: a double-blind, placebo-controlled trial. Anesth Analg. 2014;118:946–55.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
- 20.Wu X, Hang LH, Chen YF, Wang H, Shao DH, Chen Z. Remifentanil requirements for preventing motor response to skin incision in healthy women anesthetized with combinations of propofol and dexmedetomidine titrated to similar Bispectral Index (BIS) values. Ir J Med Sci. 2014. doi: 10.1007/s11845-014-1176-2.