Enhanced Electrocatalytic Performance of Pt Nanoparticles Incorporated CeO2 Nanorods on Polyaniline-Chitosan Support for Methanol Electrooxidation (Experimental and Statistical Analysis)

Abstract

Here, CeO2 nanorods (CeO2NRs) were successfully synthesized and characterized. Pt nanoparticles were synthesized in the presence of CeO2NRs and the matrix of polyaniline (PA) and chitosan (CH) as support to prepare the novel Pt-CeO2NRs/PA-CH nanocomposite. The electrocatalytic performance of Pt-CeO2NRs/PA-CH was investigated for methanol oxidation (MO) through chronoamperometry, cyclic voltammetry (CV) and electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS) techniques. Durability of the prepared catalyst was also evaluated. The effects of several factors such as temperature, methanol concentration and scan rate were also studied for MO experimentally and statistically. Pt-CeO2NRs/PA-CH had enhanced electrocatalytic activity, compared to Pt/PA-CH, revealing that it would be a promising catalyst for MO in fuel cells. The variations of anodic peak potential and current density of MO with three main factors (temperature, concentration and scan rate), their binary and triple interactions were investigated statistically. The results showed that both anodic peak potential and current density can be significantly affected by main factors and their interactions at 0.05 level of probability. Meanwhile, the proposed statistical models can accurately estimate the variation of peak potential and current density with studied factors. The results showed that increase in temperature and scan rate leads to the enhancement of both responses.

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Technical and financial support of this work is provided by Esfarayen University of Technology.

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Ekrami-Kakhki, MS., Pouyamanesh, S., Abbasi, S. et al. Enhanced Electrocatalytic Performance of Pt Nanoparticles Incorporated CeO2 Nanorods on Polyaniline-Chitosan Support for Methanol Electrooxidation (Experimental and Statistical Analysis). J Clust Sci 32, 363–378 (2021). https://doi.org/10.1007/s10876-020-01795-7

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Keywords

  • Nanorods
  • Polyaniline
  • Methanol electro-oxidation
  • Statistical approach