Journal of Cluster Science

, Volume 29, Issue 3, pp 509–519 | Cite as

Green Composite Based on Silver Nanoparticles Supported on Diatomaceous Earth: Kinetic Adsorption Models and Antibacterial Effect

  • Álvaro de Jesús Ruíz-Baltazar
Original Paper


A green synthesis of composite based on silver nanoparticles (AgNPs) obtained by Melissa officinalis (MO) extract and supported on diatomaceous earth (DE) was synthesized. Kinetic adsorption models were proposed to describe the sorption mechanism of AgNPs nanoparticles during the impregnation process. Theoretical models as pseudo first order, pseudo-second order, Elovich and intraparticle diffusion were developed to establish accurately the kinetic parameters, such as correlations factors (R2) and maximum Ag nanoparticles sorption capacity of the diatomite. According to the Kinetic adsorption parameters obtained, the pseudo-second order model reveals the best linear fit. Also, four types of pseudo-second order model were performed and analyzed. The proposed models describe with great precision, the adsorption mechanism of Ag nanoparticles during the impregnation process onto DE surface. Complementary, the antibacterial activity of the composite against Staphylococcus aureus and Escherichia coli were evaluated. The green composite (Ag nanoparticles/diatomaceous earth) was characterized by Electron Microscopy, X-Ray Diffraction and Infrared Spectroscopy.


Green synthesis Silver nanoparticles Diatomaceous earth Kinetic adsorption models 



Álvaro de Jesús Ruíz-Baltazar appreciates the support provided by the Center of Applied Physics and Advanced Technology (National Materials Characterization Laboratory) in collaboration with CONACYT through “Cathedra CONACYT” program.

Compliance with Ethical Standards

Conflict of interest

On behalf of all authors, the corresponding author states that there is no conflict of interest.

Supplementary material

10876_2018_1357_MOESM1_ESM.docx (1.5 mb)
Supplementary material 1 (DOCX 1570 kb)


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.CONACYT-Centro de Física Aplicada y Tecnología AvanzadaUniversidad Nacional Autónoma de MéxicoSantiago De QuerétaroMexico

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