Journal of Cluster Science

, Volume 24, Issue 1, pp 107–114 | Cite as

Rapid Biosynthesis of Silver Nanoparticles Using Areca Nut (Areca catechu) Extract Under Microwave-Assistance

  • Ravishankar Bhat
  • Sharanabasava Ganachari
  • Raghunandan Deshpande
  • G. Ravindra
  • A. Venkataraman
Original Paper


In this research paper, we report on the rapid synthesis of silver nanoparticles using dried areca nut (Areca catechu). The microwave exposed aqueous areca nut powder when treated with the aqueous silver salt solution yielded irregular shaped silver nanoparticles. The formation and morphology of the nanoparticles are studied using UV–visible spectroscopy, field emission scanning electron microscopy, transmission electron microscopy and atomic force microscopy. The X-ray diffraction studies and energy dispersive X-ray analysis indicate that the particles are crystalline in nature. The understanding of capping of biological moiety is derived from Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy and the thermogravimetric analysis. The green chemistry approach for the synthesis of silver nanoparticles is modest, amenable for large scale commercial production. Further the biologically synthesized silver nanoparticles are known for their potential antibacterial activity.


Areca nut Silver nanoparticles Green chemistry Thermogravimetric analysis Antibacterial activity 



Financial support from the DAE–BRNS (No. 2009/34/14/BRNS) and VGST (SMYSR D38/7), Bangalore is acknowledged.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  • Ravishankar Bhat
    • 1
  • Sharanabasava Ganachari
    • 1
  • Raghunandan Deshpande
    • 2
  • G. Ravindra
    • 3
  • A. Venkataraman
    • 1
  1. 1.Materials Chemistry Laboratory, Department of Material ScienceGulbarga UniversityGulbargaIndia
  2. 2.H.K.E.’s Matoshree Taradevi Rampure Institute of Pharmaceutical SciencesGulbargaIndia
  3. 3.Indian Institute of Science Education and ResearchBhopalIndia

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