Journal of Cluster Science

, Volume 23, Issue 4, pp 953–966 | Cite as

Structure and Magnetism of Hybrid Fe and Co Nanoclusters up to N ≤ 7 Atoms

  • G. M. Faccin
  • E. Z. da Silva
Original Paper


The structural and magnetic properties of small gas-phase Fe m Co n clusters with m + n ranging between 2 and 7 atoms are investigated using spin-polarized density functional theory. For a given cluster size possible compositions are subject to optimization using a variety of initial structures. The geometry, bond lengths, binding energies and magnetization are reported for the lowest energy structures. The results show that a magnetization peak occurs for Fe4, while for hybrid clusters, switching a cobalt atom with an iron atom increases the cluster’s total magnetization by 1 μ B . Our structural predictions are generally in agreement with other theoretical results; the origin of the discrepancies arising in some cases is discussed.


Iron nanoclusters Cobalt nanoclusters Magnetic moments 



The authors would like to thank CNPq, Fapesp, Capes and FAEPEX-Unicamp for financial support; the community from the QE-Users mailing list for their help regarding the use of Quantum Espresso, and Cenapad-SP and IFGW/Unicamp for providing computational resources to this work.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Câmpus de Ponta Porã, Universidade Federal de Mato Grosso do Sul, UFMSPonta PorãBrazil
  2. 2.Institute of Physics “Gleb Wataghin”, University of Campinas, UnicampCampinasBrazil

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