Journal of Cluster Science

, Volume 19, Issue 4, pp 561–572 | Cite as

Hydrothermal Synthesis, Crystal Structures and Electrochemical Properties of Two Phosphatotungstates Containing Keggin Clusters, [Cu(2,2′-bipy)2]5[PW12O40] · 2H2O and (Hpip)3[PW12O40]

  • Ling Bai
  • Bi-Zhou Lin
  • Xiu-Feng Huang
  • Zhi-Jian Chen
  • Xue-Gong Cao
Original Paper


Two new phosphatotungstates containing Keggin clusters, [Cu(2,2′-bipy)2]5[PW12O40] · 2H2O (1) (2,2′-bipy = 2,2′-bipyridine) and (Hpip)3[PW12O40] (2) (pip = piperazine) have been hydrothermally synthesized and characterized by IR, element analysis and cyclic voltammogram. Compound 1 consists of one discrete Keggin polyanion [PW12O40]5−, five isolated complex cations [Cu(2,2′-bipy)2]+ and two water molecules. The organic moieties exhibit regular packing with offset aromatic–aromatic interactions between the bipys, leading to a compact supramolecular framework structure. Compound 2 is made up of one discrete Keggin polyanion [PW12O40]3− and three pip cations. Compounds 1 and 2 were employed to fabricate bulk-modified carbon paste electrode to research on their electrochemistry properties. Their electrochemical behaviors and electrocatalysis that 1- and 2-CPEs have electrocatalytic activities toward the oxidation of nitrite. Compound 1 is in the orthorhombic system, space group Pna21, with a = 28.1928(9), b = 21.5479(6), c = 19.9088(6) Å, V = 12,094.5(6) Å3 and Z = 4. Compound 2 is in the rhombohedral system, space group R\( \overline{3} \)c, with a = 17.9191(5), c = 23.7439(9) Å, V = 6,602.6(4) Å3 and Z = 6.


Polyoxometalate Hydrothermal synthesis Crystal structure Electrochemical property Electrocatalysis 



The authors thank the NSF of Fujian Province (nos. E0420001, 2005HZ01-4) and NCETFJ for financial support.

Supplementary material

10876_2008_202_MOESM1_ESM.doc (239 kb)
MOESM1 (DOC 239kb)


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2008

Authors and Affiliations

  • Ling Bai
    • 1
  • Bi-Zhou Lin
    • 1
  • Xiu-Feng Huang
    • 1
  • Zhi-Jian Chen
    • 1
  • Xue-Gong Cao
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Applied ChemistryHuaqiao UniversityQuanzhouChina

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